Table 1

Baseline characteristics

Placebo (sorbitol)
n=125
Xylitol
n=125
Female sex, n (%)63 (50.4)61 (48.8)
Age, months, mean (SD)38±1437±14
Household income
$0–$39 99914 (11.2)13 (10.4)
$40 000–$79 99917 (13.6)20 (16.0)
$80 000–$149 99937 (29.6)32 (25.6)
$150 000 or more40 (32.0)43 (34.4)
Not reported17 (13.6)17 (13.6)
Ethnicity
White or European60 (48.0)52 (41.6)
South Asian12 (9.6)12 (9.6)
East Asian8 (6.4)12 (9.6)
Southeast Asian12 (9.6)12 (9.6)
African7 (5.6)10 (8.0)
Latin American5 (4.0)5 (4.0)
Middle Eastern1 (0.8)2 (1.6)
Not reported20 (16.0%)20 (16.0%)