Table 2

Effects of xylitol

Placebo (sorbitol)
n=125
Xylitol
n=125
Frequency of substance administration in doses per day (SD)2.0±1.22.1±1.2
Primary
Acute otitis media episodes36
Secondary
Upper respiratory tract infection episodes per 6 months4.2 (95% CI 3.6 to 5.0)3.7 (95% CI 3.2 to 4.4)
Participants with dental caries42