Table 1

Summary of studies included

StudyCountriesPeriod of studyRecipient sex ratio (F:M)Donor sex ratio (F:M)Income levelGDI groupMost common indication for transplantation (n (%))
Darius 201422 BelgiumJuly 1993–November 201095:108109:94High incomeGroup 2Biliary atresia132 (65)
Haseli 201323 IranApril 1999– March 201173:118115:61Lower middle incomeGroup 5Cholestatic disease81 (42)
Heaton 200824 UKOctober 1993–July 200617:3323:27High incomeGroup 2Biliary atresia23 (46)
Julka 201425 TaiwanMarch 2008– September 201040:4749:38High incomeBiliary atresia78 (90)
Kasahara 202126 JapanNovember 1989 and December 20181858:14131809:1462High incomeGroup 1Chronic liver disease2332 (71)
Lee 201627 KoreaJanuary 2000–June 201482: 5466:70High incomeGroup 3Biliary atresia98 (72)
Li 201828 ChinaJanuary 2009– September 2015123: 129147:105Upper middle incomeGroup 2Biliary atresia242 (96)
Mohan 201729 IndiaSeptember
2004–July 2016
80:120121:77Lower middle incomeGroup 5Biliary atresia72 (75)
Montenovo 201830 USA1 March 2002 and 31 December 2016408:392460:340High incomeGroup 1Cholestatic disease502 (63)
Nikeghbalian 200931 IranJanuary 1997–March 200820:3030:20Lower middle incomeGroup 5Wilson’s disease16%
Oh 201032 Korea1994–200664:4970:46High incomeGroup 3Biliary atresia70 (61)
Pan 202033 ChinaOctober 2006– August 2016287:257333:211Upper middle incomeGroup 2Cholestatic disease488 (90)
Tannuri 201134 BrazilJune 1998– June 201072:4973:48Upper middle incomeGroup 1Biliary atresia81 (67)
Zhang 201835 ChinaJune 2013– August 201670:6486:48Upper middle incomeGroup 2Biliary atresia113 (84)
  • F, female; GDI, Gender Development Index; M, male.