Total | Baseline | Change to last follow-up | ||||

Height SDS* | BMI SDS* | Height SDS† | BMI SDS‡ | |||

All children
| Mean (SD) | Mean (SD) | Mean (SD) | Mean (SD) | ||

Number | % | −1.51 (1.2) | −0.18 (1.3) | −0.11 (0.84) | −0.85 (1.2) | |

Amount of initial weight loss
| ||||||

<1% or gain | 30 | 52 | −1.35 (1.1) | −0.61 (1.3) | 1.42 (0.7) | −0.55 (1.2) |

1%–5% | 16 | 28 | −1.27 (0.9) | −0.06 (1.2) | −0.71 (0.5) | −1.00 (1.1) |

>5% | 11 | 21 | −2.25 (1.4) |
0.79 (0.9) | 0.17 (1.1) | −1.49 (1.1) |

P value§ | 0.08 | 0.002 | 0.27 | 0.037 | ||

Periods of weight loss
| ||||||

None | 7 | 12 | −2.31 (1.0) | −1.19 (1.1) | 0.27 (0.82) | −0.57 (1.8) |

One–two | 35 | 61 | −1.53 (1.2) | −0.29 (1.1) | −0.04 (0.83) | −0.87 (1.1) |

Three–four | 15 | 26 | −0.97 (0.8) | 0.53 (1.4) | −0.49 (0.75) | −0.90 (1.2) |

P value§ | 0.01 | <0.001 | 0.051 | 0.67 | ||

Age
| ||||||

<2 years | 23 | 40 | −1.76 (1.3) | −0.63 (1.2) | 0.05 (0.88) | −0.98 (1.3) |

2–5 years | 19 | 33 | −1.28 (1.0) | 0.26 (1.7) | −0.40 (0.84) | −0.87 (1.0) |

>5 years | 16 | 28 | −1.40 (1.1) | −0.15 (0.6) | −0.01 (0.70) | −0.61 (1.2) |

P value§ | 0.30 | 0.17 | 0.69 | 0.40 | ||

Feed dependence
| ||||||

<50% | 15 | 27 | −1.15 (1.2) | 0.21 (1.3) | −0.16 (0.6) | −1.30 (1.0) |

50%–90% | 23 | 41 | −1.38 (1.1) | −0.16 (1.2) | −0.19 (0.9) | −0.85 (1.2) |

>90% | 18 | 59 | −2.00 (1.0) | −0.47 (1.2) | 0.03 (0.9) | −0.55 (1.2) |

P value | 0.033 | 0.13 | 0.54 | 0.11 | ||

Year wean started
| ||||||

2008–2011 | 24 | 41 | −1.50 (1.0) | −0.33 (1.5) | −0.22 (0.77) | −0.96 (1.3) |

2012–2016 | 34 | 59 | −1.52 (1.3) | −0.13 (1.1) | −0.03 (0.89) | −0.74 (1.1) |

P value¶ | 0.95 | 0.56 | 0.43 | 0.53 |

*Missing for three children.

†Missing for 10 children.

‡Missing for 11 children.

§ANOVA trend.

¶ANOVA.

ANOVA, analysis of variance; SDS, SD z score.