Table 3

Difference in predicted and observed rates of hospital contact per 1000 child-years among children aged 0–4 years during the pandemic (March 2020–2021) by period and clinical vulnerability

First lockdown
23 March–23 June 2020
Easing of restrictions
24 June–4 November 2020
second lockdown
Nov five to Dec 31, 2020
third lockdown
Jan one to March 22, 2021
Reduction (95% CI)% changeReduction (95% CI)% changeReduction (95% CI)% changeReduction (95% CI)% change
Outpatient attendances
Total−167 (−163 to 170)−30.7−88 (−86 to 91)−16.3−96 (−91 to 100)−17.9−128 (−123 to 132)−23.5
No known vulnerability−106 (−104 to 107)−37.2−55 (−54 to 56)−19.5−56 (−55 to 58)−20.6−75 (−73 to 77)−26.2
Any vulnerability−428* (−417 to 439)−25.9−230* (−221 to 240)−13.9−264* (−249 to 278)−16.0−352* (−337 to 367)−21.4
 LBW/preterm only−121* (−116 to 127)−28.7−57 (−53 to 61)−13.8−73* (−67 to 80)−18.0−84 (−77 to 92)−19.9
 CC only−664* (−651 to 677)−26.2−357* (−346 to 368)−14.0−398* (−381 to 414)−15.9−516* (−499 to 533)−20.8
 Both−655* (−629 to 681)−23.3−385* (−364 to 407)−13.7−450* (−416 to 483)−15.5−699* (−665 to 735)−24.2
Any CC−663* (−652 to 675)−25.5−364* (−354 to 374)−14.0−410* (−395 to 425)−15.8−559* (−544 to 574)−21.7
Planned admissions
Total−32 (−31 to 33)−59.2−16 (−15 to 17)−29.3−9 (−8 to 11)−19.2−16 (−15 to 17)−31.9
No known vulnerability−14 (−14 to 15)−79.1−9 (−9 to 9)−48.5−7 (−6 to 7)−38.9−11 (−11 to 12)−62.0
Any vulnerability−105* (−101 to 109)−51.6−46* (−43 to 49)−22.0−22* (−18 to 26)−11.6−36* (−32 to 41)−19.4
 LBW/preterm only−12* (−11 to 13)−75.3−8 (−7 to 9)−49.4−6 (−5 to 7)−42.1−11 (−11 to 10)−64.9
 CC only−185* (−180 to 190)−49.0−71* (−67 to 75)−18.4−24* (−18 to 30)−6.9−40* (−34 to 46)−11.6
 Both−144* (−137 to 152)−60.3−86* (−80 to 93)−35.8−70* (−61 to 79)−31.6−114* (−105 to 125)−48.2
Any CC−177* (−172 to 181)−50.8−75* (−71 to 78)−21.2−35* (−30 to 40)−10.7−57* (−52 to 62)−17.7
Unplanned admissions
Total−88 (−87 to 90)−60.0−77 (−76 to 79)−51.9−140 (−138 to 143)−66.2−99 (−97 to 101)−64.2
No known vulnerability−68 (−67 to 69)−66.5−66 (−66 to 67)−63.2−116 (−115 to 118)−75.3−84 (−83 to 85)−76.7
Any vulnerability−176* (−171 to 182)−51.6−124* (−120 to 128)−36.9−245* (−237 to 253)−53.2−161* (−154 to 168)−47.1
 LBW/preterm only−69 (−66 to 72)−68.0−64 (−62 to 66)−64.1−125* (−121 to 130)−78.3−90* (−86 to 94)−79.9
 CC only−263* (−257 to 270)−47.2−157* (−152 to 162)−28.5−309* (−300 to 318)−43.1−189* (−181 to 197)−34.8
 Both−241* (−231 to 251)−59.1−216* (−208 to 225)−54.8−434* (−419 to 450)−73.1−311* (−298 to 325)−72.8
Any CC−259* (−254 to 265)−49.3−171* (−166 to 175)−33.0−337* (−330 to 345)−48.8−217* (−210 to 224)−41.8
  • *Significantly different from children with no known vulnerability (5% level of significance).

  • CC, chronic conditions; LBW, low birth weight.