Table 1

Characteristics of children aged 2–59 months presenting to central hospitals in Vientiane, Lao PDR with pneumonia (n=594)

CharacteristicsSummary statistic
Demographics
Age in months, median (IQR)19 (10–30)
Age category, n/N (%)
 2–5 months70/594 (11.8)
 6–11 months97/594 (16.3)
 12–23 months189/594 (31.8)
 24–59 months238/594 (40.1)
Female, n/N (%)280/594 (47.1)
From Vientiane Capital province, n/N (%)399/566 (70.5)
Time taken to get to hospital <1 hour, n/N (%)461/590 (78.1)
Lao Loum ethnicity, n/N (%)496/592 (83.8)
Household characteristics
Travelled to hospital in private vehicle, n/N (%)520/583 (89.2)
Less than two household members aged <5 years, n/N (%)341/590 (57.8)
Cigarette smokers in household, n/N (%)206/588 (35.0)
Biofuel used as household cooking fuel*, n/N (%)478/592 (80.7)
Household drinking water piped into residence†, n/N (%)336/591 (56.9)
Household income per month below the poverty line‡, n/N (%)19/588 (3.2)
Mother completed primary school or above, n/N (%)503/585 (86.0)
Health preventive measures
Ever exclusively breast fed, n/N(%)520/581 (89.5]
Previous presentation for current illness, n/N (%)216/577 (37.4)
All age-appropriate immunisations received, n/N (%)549/592 (92.7)
Received deworming treatment in last 6 months§, n/N (%)329/400¶ (82.3)
Received vitamin A in last 6 months**, n/N (%)329/471†† (69.9)
  • *Biofuel defined as wood and charcoal; non-biofuel defined as electricity, kerosene, gas.

  • †Other types of drinking water included public or protected well, unprotected well, river or canal.

  • ‡Poverty line less than 250 000 Kip.34

  • §If over 12 months of age.

  • ¶Denominator is those 12 months and over only (n=427) with available data.

  • **If over 6 months of age.

  • ††Denominator includes those 6 months and over only (n=524) with available data.

  • Lao PDR, Lao People’s Democratic Republic.