Table 1

Demographic data for eligible neonates with admission weights 1.0–1.3 kg admitted with respiratory distress at district hospitals with no significant changes in transfer rates between baseline and implementation

BaselineImplementation (oxygen)Implementation (CPAP)Follow-up (CPAP)
Number of study participants11416110994
Outcome
 Died76.3%77.6%66.1%66.0%
 Discharged16.7%17.4%28.4%26.6%
 Transferred0.0%0.0%0.9%3.2%
 Left AMA5.3%3.7%4.6%3.2%
 Unknown1.8%1.2%0.0%1.1%
Number of neonates with known outcome (died/discharged)10615310387
Outcome
 Died82.1%81.7%69.9%71.3%
 Discharged17.9%18.3%30.1%28.7%
Diagnosis
 Birth asphyxia16.0%19.0%4.9%3.4%
 RDS45.3%65.4%93.2%87.4%
 Pneumonia0.9%1.3%1.0%1.1%
 Meconium aspiration3.8%1.3%0.0%2.3%
 Sepsis9.4%5.2%2.9%1.1%
 No diagnosis30.2%17.6%4.9%6.9%
  • AMA, against medical advice; CPAP, continuous positive airway pressure; RDS, respiratory distress syndrome.