Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the participating women at enrolment and their offspring at 13 years, by study group

Maternal characteristicsControl (SP twice) (n=436)Monthly SP (n=441)AZI-SP (n=443)
Age, years, mean (SD)25 (7)25 (7)25 (6)
Gestational age at enrolment, weeks, mean (SD)20.3 (3.0)20.0 (3.2)20.0 (3.0)
Primiparous (%)110 (25.2)107 (24.3)89 (20.1)
HIV-positive (%)48/396 (12.1)64/400 (16.0)49/398 (12.3)
Microscopic peripheral blood malaria parasitaemia (%)49/435 (11.3)41 (9.3)27 (6.1)
Blood Hb concentration, g/L, mean (SD)110 (19)111 (17)110 (20)
Moderate or severe anaemia, Hb <100 g/L (%)116 (26.6)106 (24.0)129 (29.1)
Literate participants (%)116 (26.6)129 (29.3)139 (31.4)
Years of schooling completed, mean (SD)2.1 (2.7)*2.2 (2.6)2.4 (2.8)
Offspring characteristics at 13 years of agen=333n=333n=337
Years of schooling completed
0 (%)48 (14.4)62 (18.6)53 (15.7)
1–3 (%)186 (55.9)168 (50.5)163 (48.4)
>3 (%)99 (29.7)103 (31.0)121 (36.0)
Pubertal stagen=332n=330n=333
Stage 1 (%)162 (48.8)175 (53.0)155 (46.6)
Stage 2 (%)100 (30.3)88 (26.7)101 (30.1)
Stages 3–5 (%)70 (21.1)67 (20.3)77 (23.1)
  • *Value missing for one participant.

  • AZI-SP, intervention group with monthly SP and two doses of azithromycin; Hb, haemoglobin; SP, sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine.