Table 2

Distribution of injuries by age group, sex and mechanism of injury among children attending emergency of hospitals in Makwanpur district, Nepal, April 2019–March 2020

Age groups and sex0–4 years5–9 years10–14 years15–17 yearsMaleFemaleTotal
Intent and mechanismsN (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)Rate/1000 children*
Unintentional
 Fall239 (36.9)328 (38.5)249 (38.4)96 (23.2)636 (37.4)276 (32.2)912 (35.6)5.2
 Animal or insect related175 (27.0)260 (30.5)190 (29.3)103 (24.9)470 (27.6)258 (30.1)728 (28.4)4.2
 Road traffic injury49 (7.6)108 (12.7)86 (13.3)113 (27.4)223 (13.1)133 (15.5)356 (13.9)2.0
 Injured by a blunt object54 (8.3)74 (8.7)49 (7.6)24 (5.8)150 (8.8)51 (5.9)201 (7.9)1.2
 Stabbed, cut or pierced20 (3.1)56 (6.6)49 (7.6)51 (12.3)127 (7.5)49 (5.7)176 (6.9)1.0
 Fire, burn or scald42 (6.5)10 (1.2)9 (1.4)4 (1.0)27 (1.6)38 (4.4)65 (2.5)0.4
 Poisoning33 (5.1)6 (0.7)5 (0.8)8 (1.9)26 (1.5)26 (3.0)52 (2.0)0.3
 Suffocation/Choking24 (3.7)5 (0.6)2 (0.3)5 (1.2)20 (1.2)16 (1.9)36 (1.4)0.2
 Electrocution2 (0.3)0 (0.0)3 (0.5)7 (1.7)10 (0.6)2 (0.2)12 (0.5)0.1
 Other9 (9.5)5 (0.6)6 (1.0)2 (0.5)13 (0.8)9 (1.0)22 (0.9)0.1
 Total647 (100)852 (100)648 (100)413 (100)1702 (100)858 (100)2560 (100)14.7
Self-harm
 Poisoning0 (0.0)0 (0.0)6 (46.2)32 (69.6)7 (41.2)31 (70.5)38 (62.3)0.2
 Hanging0 (0.0)0 (0.0)3 (23.1)9 (19.6)4 (23.5)8 (18.2)12 (19.7)0.1
 Other0 (0.0)2 (100)4 (30.8)5 (10.9)6 (35.3)5 (11.4)11 (18.0)0.1
 Total0 (0.0)2 (100)13 (100)46 (100)17 (100)44 (100)61 (100)0.3
Assault
 Bodily force (physical violence)3 (50.0)1 (8.3)11 (57.9)28 (73.7)37 (62.7)6 (37.5)43 (57.3)0.2
 Injured by a blunt object2 (33.3)8 (66.7)4 (21.1)4 (10.5)13 (22.0)5 (31.3)18 (24.0)0.1
 Other1 (16.7)3 (24.9)4 (21.1)6 (15.7)9 (15.3)5 (31.5)14 (18.7)0.1
 Total6 (100)12 (100)19 (100)38 (100)59 (100)16 (100)75 (100)0.4
  • *Rates calculated using population estimates for Makwanpur from the 2011 census.