Table 3

Comparison of COVID-19-related symptoms and outcome in 582 children from 21 European countries (78% reported from tertiary and quaternary institutions)8 and 113 children on immunosuppression for kidney disease in our study.

582 paediatric cases113 paediatric cases on immunosuppressive therapy for kidney disease
Admitted to hospital62%60%
Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection16%19%
URT symptoms54%52%
GI symptoms22%15%
Supplemental oxygen/high-flow nasal cannula oxygen13%17%
Mechanical ventilation4%4%
Mortality1%4% (0% Europe and USA)
  • BiPAP, bi-level positive airway pressure; CPAP, continuous positive airway pressure; GI, gastrointestinal; URT, upper respiratory tract.