Table 1

Background characteristics of under-5 children with severe pneumonia in Bangladesh (N=1472)

VariablesOverall (N=1472)Urban (n=954)Rural (518)
Sex, n (%)
 Male947 (64.3)617 (64.7)330 (63.7)
 Female525 (35.7)337 (35.3)188 (36.3)
Patient age (months), n (%)
 <6461 (31.0)282 (29.5)179 (34.5)
 6–12494 (34.0)342 (35.9)152 (29.2)
 13–18228 (15.5)138 (14.5)89 (17.3)
 19–24111 (7.5)67 (7.0)44 (8.5)
 25–3064 (4.4)49 (5.1)16 (3.1)
 31–3649 (3.3)30 (3.1)19 (3.7)
 >3665 (4.4)46 (4.8)19 (3.7)
Patient age in months, mean (±SD)12.2 (10.2)12.2 (10.3)11.8 (10.2)
Length of stay in days
 <128 (1.9)14 (1.5)14 (2.7)
 1–3233 (15.8)65 (6.9)168 (32.4)
 4–6792 (53.7)481 (50.3)311 (60.1)
 6+421 (28.6)394 (41.3)25 (4.8)
Length of stay, mean (±SD)5.0 (2.6)5.7 (2.6)3.6 (2.1)
Mother’s education, n (%)
 No formal education207 (14.0)146 (15.3)60 (11.6)
 Up to primary410 (27.8)257 (27.0)151 (29.3)
 Secondary691 (46.9)423 (44.3)265 (51.7)
 Higher166 (11.3)128 (13.4)38 (7.4)
Father’s education, n (%)
 No formal education251 (17.0)165 (17.3)85 (16.5)
 Up to primary428 (29.0)249 (26.1)178 (34.5)
 Secondary567 (38.5)360 (37.8)203 (39.7)
 Higher228 (15.5)180 (18.8)48 (9.3)
 Household size (members), mean (±SD)5.2 (2.2)4.9 (1.6)5.9 (2.3)
Mother’s occupation, n (%)
 Housewife1327 (90.0)847 (88.7)477 (92.8)
 Informal worker36 (2.4)29 (3.0)7 (1.3)
 Service58 (3.9)40 (4.1)18 (3.5)
 Student13 (0.8)4 (0.4)9 (1.7)
 Home worker20 (1.4)18 (2.0)1 (0.2)
 Other18 (1.2)16 (1.7)2 (0.4)
Father’s occupation, n (%)
 Farmer106 (7.2)1 (0.1)104 (20.4)
 Informal worker151 (10.2)116 (12.1)35 (6.8)
 Transport worker211 (14.4)143 (14.9)69 (13.4)
 Salaried employee516 (35.0)384 (40.3)131 (25.4)
 Business343 (23.3)233 (24.5)107 (20.9)
 Other145 (9.8)77 (8.0)68 (13.2)
Average household monthly income (US$), mean (±SD)277.1 (275.5)321.3 (315.9)194.9 (145.9)
Average household monthly expenditure (US$), mean (±SD)213.3 (151.6)249.5 (165.7)146.2 (87.8)
Household’s average health expenditure in the past 3 months (US$), mean (±SD)41.4 (96.5)39.2 (80.2)45.3 (121.0)
Wealth quintile, n (%)
 Poorest236 (16.0)25 (2.6)210 (40.9)
 Poorer221 (15.5)70 (7.3)158 (30.8)
 Middle263 (17.8)151 (15.9)110 (21.3)
 Richer325 (22.1)293 (30.7)31 (6.0)
 Richest421 (28.6)415 (43.5)5 (1.0)