Table 3

Multivariable models for maternal mental health outcomes

Anxietyn=29 392Depressionn=24 754Serious mental illnessn=35 036Referral to secondary
mental health services
n=32 842
IRR95% CIIRR95% CIIRR95% CIIRR95% CI
Child has no long-term conditionREFREFREFREF
Child has a life-limiting condition1.161.07 to 1.251.211.13 to 1.301.661.17 to 2.341.611.37 to 1.90
Child has a chronic condition1.111.03 to 1.191.091.02 to 1.171.170.82 to 1.671.170.98 to 1.38
Mothers’ age0.970.97 to 0.980.970.96 to 0.970.940.92 to 0.960.950.94 to 0.96
Deprivation category
 1 (least deprived)REFREFREFREF
 20.990.89 to 1.101.060.97 to 1.151.280.76 to 2.151.651.29 to 2.14
 31.131.02 to 1.251.121.03 to 1.231.250.74 to 2.111.881.46 to 2.42
 41.151.04 to 1.271.231.13 to 1.351.691.03 to 2.762.001.56 to 2.57
 5 (most deprived)1.161.04 to 1.291.371.24 to 1.501.681.00 to 2.812.091.61 to 2.70
Ethnic group
 WhiteREFREFREFREF
 South Asian0.520.44 to 0.620.440.38 to 0.510.320.12 to 0.860.620.43 to 0.89
 Black0.430.32 to 0.560.540.45 to 0.660.780.28 to 2.180.510.30 to 0.86
 Chinese0.760.44 to 1.300.350.19 to 0.650.0000.000.00
 Mixed0.960.69 to 1.330.910.68 to 1.221.940.61 to 6.140.620.26 to 1.49
 Other0.660.48 to 0.890.570.44 to 0.741.050.33 to 3.330.940.53 to 1.68
 Missing0.630.53 to 0.760.700.60 to 0.810.230.06 to 0.930.510.32 to 0.81
Number of GP consultations1.011.01 to 1.011.011.01 to 1.011.011.01 to 1.011.011.01 to 1.01
Region
 North East2.111.73 to 2.571.611.34 to 1.940.910.30 to 2.730.730.44 to 1.24
 North West1.431.27 to 1.621.291.16 to 1.431.560.89 to 2.720.530.39 to 0.72
 Yorkshire and Humber1.040.83 to 1.300.931.16 to 1.430.210.03 to 1.581.050.67 to 1.65
 East Midlands2.091.68 to 2.612.201.81 to 2.683.371.45 to 7.871.621.00 to 2.64
 West Midlands1.241.08 to 1.421.191.06 to 1.331.020.54 to 1.911.040.79 to 1.37
 East of England1.050.91 to 1.201.000.89 to 1.131.040.54 to 2.010.610.44 to 0.84
 South West1.371.20 to 1.551.191.07 to 1.340.800.42 to 1.531.871.47 to 2.38
 South Central1.130.99 to 1.291.231.09 to 1.381.120.59 to 2.120.290.19 to 0.44
 LondonREF
 South East Coast1.030.90 to 1.181.070.96 to 1.201.090.58 to 2.031.160.89 to 1.51
Child sex
 MaleREF
 Female0.970.91 to 1.041.020.96 to 1.080.940.70 to 1.261.050.91 to 1.21
Baby birth year1.011.01 to 1.021.031.02 to 1.030.960.93 to 0.990.990.98 to 1.01
  • GP, general practitioner; IRR, incidence rate ratio; REF, reference.