Table 3

Proportion of 7-year-old children with an isolated cleft achieving the expected academic level or above across all five subject areas, according to overall annual school absence and cleft type.

Annual overall school absenceNumber (%) of childrenNumber (%) reaching the national ‘expected level’ of academic achievement*OR (95% CI)
UnadjustedAdjusted for cleft typeAdjusted for cleft type, sex, IDACI* quintile and free school meal eligibility
0–5 days1192(33.8)923 (77.4)111
5.5–10 days943(24.8)675 (71.6)0.73(0.60 to 0.89)0.74(0.61 to 0.90)0.75(0.61 to 0.92)
10.5–15 days601(17.0)400 (66.6)0.58(0.47 to 0.72)0.59(0.47 to 0.73)0.63(0.50 to 0.79)
15.5–20 days342(9.7)202 (59.1)0.42(0.33 to 0.54)0.43(0.33 to 0.56)0.52(0.40 to 0.68)
>20 days445(12.6)193 (43.4)0.22(0.18 to 0.28)0.23(0.18 to 0.29)0.30(0.23 to 0.38)
Cleft type Number (%) of children Number (%) reaching the national ‘expected level’ of academic achievement* OR (95% CI)
Unadjusted Adjusted for school absence Adjusted for school absence, sex, IDACI* quintile and free school meal eligibility
Cleft lip only920(26.1)676 (73.5)111
Cleft palate only1257(35.7)828 (65.9)0.70(0.58 to 0.84)0.72(0.60 to 0.88)0.64(0.52 to 0.78)
Cleft lip and palate1346(38.2)889 (66.1)0.70(0.58 to 0.85)0.76(0.63 to 0.92)0.77(0.63 to 0.94)
  • *See text for further explanation.

  • IDACI, Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index.