Table 1

Social and demographic characteristics of children whose mothers responded to the questionnaire module on experience of IPV in the 2000, 2005, 2014 CDHS

Children whose mothers have ever experienced IPV
n=1230
Children whose mothers have never experienced IPV
n=3795
Mother's experience of IPV by type
 Emotional only411 (33.4%)---
 Physical only216 (17.6%)---
 Sexual only30 (2.4%)---
 Physical and sexual15 (1.2%)---
 Emotional and physical418 (34.0%)---
 Emotional and sexual35 (2.9%)---
 Emotional, physical and sexual105 (8.5%)---
Sex of child
 Male629 (51.1%)1911 (50.4%)
 Female601 (48.9%)1884 (49.6%)
Age of child
 Under 1 year239 (19.4%)799 (22.0%)
 12–23 months226 (18.4%)740 (19.5%)
 24–35 months237 (19.3%)745 (19.6%)
 36–47 months276 (22.4%)750 (19.8%)
 48–59 months252 (20.5%)761 (20.1%)
Birth order number of child
 First or second497 (40.4%)1982 (52.2%)
 Third or fourth396 (32.2%)1080 (28.5%)
 Fifth or higher337 (27.4%)733 (19.3%)
Child has health card
 Yes1077 (87.6%)3380 (89.1%)
 No152 (12.4%)412 (10.9%)
 Missing data1 (0.08%)3 (0.1%)
Mother's age at birth, years
 <150 (0%)1 (0.0%)
 15–1989 (7.2%)397 (10.5%)
 20–24300 (24.4%)1033 (27.2%)
 25–29359 (29.2%)1085 (28.6%)
 30–34273 (22.2%)741 (19.5%)
 35–39153 (12.4%)391 (10.3%)
 40–4452 (4.2%)132 (3.5%)
 45–494 (0.3%)15 (0.4%)
Mother's education
 No education375 (30.5%)907 (23.9%)
 Primary692 (56.3%)1966 (51.8%)
 Secondary158 (12.9%)869 (22.9%)
 Higher5 (0.4%)53 (1.4%)
Smoking status
 Smoker214 (17.4%)403 (10.6%)
 Non-smoker1016 (82.6%)3392 (89.4%)
Type of residence
 Urban217 (17.6%)738 (19.5%)
 Rural1013 (82.4%)3057 (80.6%)
Wealth Index
 Poorest392 (31.9%)967 (25.5%)
 Poorer312 (25.4%)840 (22.1%)
 Middle201 (16.3%)716 (18.9%)
 Richer186 (15.1%)604 (15.9%)
 Richest139 (11.3%)668 (17.6%)
Drinking water source (during dry season)
 Improved493 (40.1%)1772 (46.7%)
 Non-improved728 (59.2%)2006 (52.9%)
 Missing9 (0.7%)17 (0.5%)
Household sanitation facility
 Improved, not shared49 (4.0%)224 (5.9%)
 Non-improved or shared1175 (95.5%)3555 (93.7%)
 Missing6 (0.5%)16 (0.4%)
Cooking fuel
 Clean (electricity, LPG, NG, biogas, no cooking within the home)66 (5.4%)381 (10.0%)
 Dirty (coal, charcoal, wood/straw/shrubs, agricultural crops, dung, kerosene)1157 (94.1%)3396 (89.5%)
 Missing7 (0.6%)18 (0.5%)
  • CDHS, Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey; IPV, intimate partner violence.