Table 2

Study characteristics

Study characteristics
Author (year)
DesignDuration of the studySample (n=neonates) and settingIntervention
Arabi et al 29 (2018)
Cohort24 months
Pre: 6 months
Post: 18 months
Pre: n=1350
Post: n=4030
In rural community medical centres.
HBB and weekly peer to peer resuscitation skills practice.
Bellad et al 26 (2015)
India and Kenya
Cohort24 months
Pre: 12 months
Post: 12 months
n=70 704
Pre: n=35 595
Post: n=35 109
In primary, secondary and tertiary facilities.
HBB: Initial training and refresher training after 6 months.
Goudar et al 10 (2012)
Cohort11 months
Pre: 5 months
Post: 6 months
Pre: n=4187
Post: n=5411
In primary health centres, district and urban hospitals.
HBB: Initial training (1 day course) and refresher training if desired within an average of 230 days.
Kc et al 27 (2016)
Cohort, including a nested case- control15 months
Pre: 6 months
Post: 9 months
n=25 108
Pre: n=9588
Post: n=15 520
In a tertiary hospital.
HBB—Quality Improvement Cycle:
Two-day training, daily skill checks, self-evaluation after every delivery, peer review after every resuscitation, weekly review and reflection meetings
Refresher training after 6 months.
Mduma et al 24 (2015)
Cohort24 months
Pre: 12 months
Post: 12 months
Pre: n=4894
Post: n=4814
In a rural referral hospital.
HBB: One day training for all care providers working on the labour ward, monthly training sessions of 40 min, weekly training sessions for a short HBB training of 3 min and practice when time permitted.
Msemo et al 25 (2013)
Cohort26 months
Pre: 2 months
Post: 24 months
n=86 624
Pre: n=8124
Post: n=78 500
In referral, regional and district hospitals.
HBB: One day training and refresher training. Every shift: document application of basic skills including Face Mask Ventilation.
Wrammert et al 28 (2017)
Cohort15 months
Pre: 6 months
Post: 9 months
Pre: n=9.390
Post: n=15.275
In a tertiary hospital.
HBB: all 137 staff trained, no description on method/duration/refreshment.