Table 4

Clinic service provision compared between intervention and control districts from March 2016 to March 2017

Intervention districts mean (SD)Control districts mean (SD)Minimally adjusted mean difference*
(95% CI)
P valueFully adjusted mean difference†
(95% CI)
P value
Maternal services
 Number of pregnant or postpartum womenn=1 93 482n=1 45 314
 Mean population of pregnant women per clinic7861002
 Mean (SD) number of ANC visits per clinic468 (481)437 (348)44.1 (−71.16 to 159.36)0.4541.32 (−52.46 to 135.11)0.37
 Mean (SD) number of tetanus toxoid vaccines for pregnant women per clinic523 (599)496 (444)35.36 (− 99.29 to 170.01)0.6082.01 (− 38.69 to 202.71)0.18
 Mean (SD) number of facility deliveries per clinic198 (631)136 (241)62.64 (−49.7 to 174.98)0.27119.35 (−9.48 to 248.19)0.07
 Mean (SD) number of PNC visits per clinic175 (223)141 (169)32.39 (−11.89 to 76.66)0.1510.68 (−33.12 to 54.49)‡0.63
Child health services
 Number of children under 1 yearn=1 93 412n=1 45 293
 Mean population of children under 1 year per clinic7861002
 Mean (SD) number of third pentavalent vaccines for children under 1 year per clinic514 (493)530 (393)−5.73 (−111.50 to 122.96)0.92−74.14 (−13.52 to 161.8)0.10
 Mean (SD) number of measles vaccines for children under 1 year per clinic484 (484)498 (383)−11.46 (−105.45 to 128.38)0.85−83.79 (−1.44 to 169.03)0.05
 Number of children under 5 yearsn=9 67 410n=7 26 462
 Mean population of children under 5 years per clinic39335010
 Mean (SD) number of IMCI visits for diarrhoea or pneumonia for children under five per clinic1403 (1753)1212 (1011)226.16 (−123.81 to 576.13)0.20280.95 (−40.11 to 602.00)0.09
  • *Adjusted for random effects by district.

  • †Adjusted for access (security risk, mountainous, remoteness), facility type, size of clinic population and random effects by district.

  • ‡Estimated G matrix is not positive definite. Models ran without random effects by district.

  • ANC, antenatal  care; IMCI, integrated management of childhood illnesses; PNC, postnatal  care.