Table 1

Characteristics of children who survived beyond 30 days of life and children who died (by cause of death and age at death) in England and Sweden

Live birthsAll deaths at 31–364 daysAll deaths at 1–4 yearsRTI-related deaths at 31–364 daysRTI-related deaths at 1–4 yearsSUDIs at 31–364 days
England (n=3 928 483)Sweden (n=1 012 682)England (n=4768)Sweden (n=774)England (n=2223)Sweden (n=476)England (n=768)Sweden (n=131)England (n=691)Sweden (n=118)England (n=1166)Sweden (n=189)
Birth weight (g)
 <150026 221 (0.67)4646 (0.46)863 (18)112 (14)107 (4.8)14 (2.9)76 (9.9)13 (9.9)37 (5.4)6 (5.1)53 (4.5)17 (9)
 1500–2499189 481 (4.8)25 674 (2.5)918 (19)126 (16)306 (14)47 (9.9)172 (22)30 (23)109 (16)18 (15)197 (17)15 (7.9)
 2500–34992 089 095 (53)428 894 (42)2198 (46)332 (43)1217 (55)216 (45)396 (52)49 (37)387 (56)52 (44)651 (56)92 (49)
 ≥35001 623 686 (41)553 468 (55)789 (17)204 (26)593 (27)199 (42)124 (16)39 (30)158 (23)42 (36)265 (23)65 (34)
Gestational age (weeks)
 24–3485 340 (2.2)17 616 (1.7)1155 (24)158 (20)169 (7.6)34 (7.1)133 (17)25 (19)55 (8)13 (11)119 (10)22 (12)
 35–36136 681 (3.5)30 220 (3)433 (9.1)77 (9.9)144 (6.5)28 (5.9)75 (9.8)10 (7.6)51 (7.4)11 (9.3)116 (9.9)16 (8.5)
 37–38726 161 (18)191 005 (19)1088 (23)182 (24)516 (23)101 (21)183 (24)33 (25)184 (27)23 (19)291 (25)45 (24)
 ≥392 980 301 (76)773 841 (76)2092 (44)357 (46)1394 (63)313 (66)377 (49)63 (48)401 (58)71 (60)640 (55)106 (56)
Baby’s sex
 Boy2 014 198 (51)520 597 (51)2731 (57)437 (56)1202 (54)260 (55)416 (54)76 (58)367 (53)66 (56)734 (63)117 (62)
 Girl1 914 285 (49)492 085 (49)2037 (43)337 (44)1021 (46)216 (45)352 (46)55 (42)324 (47)52 (44)432 (37)72 (38)
Congenital anomalies
 No3 815 315 (97)988 298 (98)2626 (55)456 (59)1386 (62)358 (75)370 (48)72 (55)347 (50)75 (64)1117 (96)165 (87)
 Yes113 168 (2.9)24 384 (2.4)2142 (45)318 (41)837 (38)118 (25)398 (52)59 (45)344 (50)43 (36)49 (4.2)24 (13)
Chronic condition (diagnosed throughout infancy)
 No3 753 493 (96)985 057 (97)1132 (51)265 (56)241 (35)51 (43)
 Yes174 990 (4.5)27 625 (2.7)1091 (49)221 (44)450 (65)67 (57)
Maternal age (years)
 <20241 111 (6.1)16 149 (1.6)552 (12)34 (4.4)189 (8.5)16 (3.4)70 (9.1)8 (6.1)51 (7.4)3 (2.5)222 (19)12 (6.3)
 20–24757 667 (19)129 130 (13)1152 (24)145 (19)553 (25)73 (15)179 (23)28 (21)163 (24)16 (14)358 (31)48 (25)
 25–291 063 293 (27)295 730 (29)1209 (25)222 (29)571 (26)131 (28)210 (27)42 (32)178 (26)32 (27)282 (24)55 (29)
 30–341 109 174 (28)356 128 (35)1063 (22)212 (27)555 (25)156 (33)168 (22)31 (24)187 (27)45 (38)176 (15)44 (23)
 ≥35757 238 (19)215 545 (21)792 (17)161 (21)355 (16)100 (21)141 (18)22 (17)112 (16)22 (19)128 (11)30 (16)
Quintile of socioeconomic status
 Q1: most deprived851 119 (22)201 434 (20)1534 (32)239 (31)627 (28)115 (24)247 (32)51 (39)201 (29)29 (25)393 (34)69 (37)
 Q2803 435 (20)200 305 (20)1185 (25)162 (21)489 (22)114 (24)197 (26)27 (21)145 (21)23 (19)315 (27)42 (22)
 Q3767 678 (20)202 580 (20)813 (17)105 (14)422 (19)94 (20)132 (17)13 (9.9)126 (18)27 (23)209 (18)22 (12)
 Q4762 378 (19)204 117 (20)700 (15)127 (16)366 (16)85 (18)110 (14)20 (15)108 (16)20 (17)162 (14)26 (14)
 Q5: least deprived743 873 (19)204 246 (20)536 (11)141 (18)319 (14)68 (14)82 (11)20 (15)111 (16)19 (16)87 (7.5)30 (16)
  • Data are number (%) of children who survived beyond 30 days of life, of all deaths, of RTI-related deaths at 31–364 days and at 1–4 years, and of SUDIs at 31–364 days. Column total may not add up to 100% due to rounding.

  • RTI, respiratory tract infection; SUDI, sudden unexpected death in infancy.