Table 2

Comparison of demographics of children who enter school a year early due to premature birth ‘Early Academic Starts’ versus preterm births outwith June–August, term June–August births and preterm births in June–August not entering school early

Early Academic Starts
n=48
Preterm not June–August births
n=457
June–August term births
n=1972
Preterm + June–August not EAS
n=64
Educational factors
 EYFSP, n (%) ‘meeting GLD’*9 (19)239 (52)841 (43)24 (38)
 English as an additional language, n (%)19 (40)191 (42)973 (49)40 (63)
Perinatal factors
 Gestational age (weeks), n (%)†
 <32 10 (21)61 (13)6 (9)
 32–336 (13)49 (11)4 (6)
 34–3632 (67)347 (78)54 (84)
 37–38458 (23)
 39–411478 (75)
 >42 (late term)36 (2)
 Small for gestational age, n (%)‡5 (10)54 (12)255 (13)7 (11)
 Large for gestational age, n (%)‡2 (4)42 (9)144 (7)4 (6)
 Sex ratio (male:female)50:5047:5347:5347:53
 Parity, median (range)‡1 (0–3)1 (0–8)1 (0–8)1 (0–5)
Socioeconomic factors
 Mother receiving means-tested benefits, n (%)‡24 (50)197 (43)852 (43)27 (42)
 Maternal educational level (equivalised), n (%)‡
 Higher than A level11 (23)119 (26)520 (26)14 (22)
 A level or equivalent9 (19)77 (17)302 (15)11 (17)
 5 GCSEs or equivalent17 (35)131 (29)690 (35)23 (38)
 <5 GCSEs or equivalent11 (23)130 (28)460 (23)16 (25)
  • *As defined by Cotzias and Whitehorn.9

  • †Categories suggested by Jaekel et al.11

  • ‡Contains imputed values for missing data.

  • EAS, Early Academic Starts; EYFSP, Early Years Foundation Stage Profile; GCSE, General Certificate of Secondary Education; GLD, Good Level of Development.