Table 1

Prevalence of antibiotic use in non-bloody diarrhoea by demographic category

CategoryNumber of children with non-bloody diarrhoeaPrevalence estimate
% (95% CI)
Test for association or trend
Sex of child
 Male18 26823.5 (19.9 to 27.1)X2=1.778, p=0.182
 Female16 80922.9 (16.2 to 39.8)
Age of child
 0930721.1 (17.6 to 24.5)X2=0.018, p=0.893
 111 39525.0 (21.2 to 28.8)
 2704022.9 (18.9 to 26.9)
 3441322.1 (18.0 to 26.2)
 4292222.0 (17.8 to 26.2)
Currently breastfeeding
 No13 16024.1 (20.0 to 28.2)X2=13.485, p<0.001
 Yes21 91722.4 (18.9 to 26.0)
Type of residence
 Urban10 77126.7 (22.5 to 31.0)X2=109.137, p<0.001
 Rural24 30621.6 (18.2 to 25.1)
Wealth index*
 Poor16 59620.7 (16.9 to 24.5)X2=176.047, p<0.001
 Middle678922.0 (18.6 to 25.5)
 Rich11 66827.6 (23.6 to 31.6)
Mother’s highest level of education*
 No education14 74020.5 (17.2 to 23.8)X2=184.584, p<0.001
 Primary12 36024.0 (20.4 to 27.7)
 Secondary735227.9 (23.3 to 32.4)
 Higher61133.0 (26.1 to 39.8)
Sources of care*
 Government hospitals313138.5 (32.3 to 44.8)X2=3447.205, p< 0.001
 Government health centres618435.2 (29.9 to 40.4)
 Government health posts/dispensaries260330.9 (24.4 to 37.5)
 Private hospitals/clinics134741.1 (34.1 to 47.4)
 Community pharmacies139141.8 (34.8 to 48.9)
 Shops232133.6 (25.5 to 41.7)
 Markets123621.6 (6.9 to 36.3)
 Traditional practitioners10115.0 (3.6 to 6.5)
 Others162616.8 (11.8 to 21.9)
 Did not seek treatment from any provider14 1899.3 (7.3 to 11.2)
  • n=35 077.

  • *Category with some missing data.