Table 1

Demographics

All casesPre-hospital only TCAPre-hospital and
in-hospital TCA
In-hospital only TCA
Demographics
 n (%)12946 (35.7)57 (44.2)26 (20.2)
 Male, n (%)81 (62.8)26 (56.5)41 (71.9)14 (53.8)
 Median age (IQR)/years11.7 (3.4–16.6)12.1 (3.5–16.8)12.3 (4–16.6)6.8 (3.0–15.8)
ISS
 ISS (median (IQR))34 (25–45)34 (26.8–50.0)34 (25.0–46.5)28 (24.0–42.0)
 1–8, n (%)0000
 9–15, n (%)202 (3.5)0
 16–75, n (%)12746 (100)55 (96.5)26 (100)
30-Day survival
 Overall, N (%)7 (5.4)6 (13.0)1 (1.8)0
 Blunt, n (%)6 (5.5)5 (12.5)1 (2.2)0
 Penetrating, n (%)1 (5.3)1 (16.7)00
Mode of injury, n (%)
 Blunt110 (85.3)40 (87.0)46 (80.7)24 (92.3)
 Penetrating19 (14.7)6 (13.0)11 (19.3)2 (7.7)
Mechanism of injury, n (%)
 RTC73 (56.6)26 (56.5)29 (50.9)18 (69.2)
 Fall>2 m16 (12.4)7 (15.2)9 (15.8)0
 Fall<2 m2 (1.6)1 (2.2)01 (3.8)
 Stab/shot18 (14.0)5 (10.9)11 (19.3)2 (7.7)
 Blow7 (5.4)1 (2.2)4 (7.0)2 (7.7)
 Other13 (10.1)6 (13.0)4 (7.0)3 (11.5)
Injury intent, n (%)
 Non-intentional85 (65.9)31 (67.4)35 (61.4)19 (73.1)
 Alleged assault16 (12.4)4 (8.7)10 (17.5)2 (7.7)
 Suspected child abuse10 (7.8)2 (4.3)5 (8.8)3 (11.5)
 Suspected self-harm7 (5.4)2 (4.3)3 (5.3)2 (7.7)
 Sport1 (0.8)1 (2.2)00
 Suspected high-risk behaviour3 (2.3)2 (4.3)1 (1.8)0
 Intent inconclusive7 (5.4)4 (8.7)3 (5.3)0
Receiving hospital, n (%)
 Non-MTC56 (43.4)15 (32.6)28 (49.1)13 (50.0)
 Paediatric MTC8 (6.2)3 (6.5)4 (7.0)1 (3.8)
 Combined paediatric/adult MTC50 (38.8)21 (45.7)19 (33.3)10 (38.5)
 Adult MTC15 (11.6)7 (15.2)6 (10.5)2 (7.7)
Arrival time, n (%)
 00:00–07:5913 (10.1)5 (10.9)4 (7.0)4 (15.4)
 08:00–15:5942 (32.6)13 (28.3)20 (35.1)9 (34.6)
 16:00–19:5941 (31.8)15 (32.6)17 (29.8)9 (34.6)
 20:00–23:5932 (24.8)13 (28.3)16 (28.1)3 (11.5)
AIS>3, n (%)
 Head91 (70.5)35 (76.1)37 (64.9)19 (73.1)
 Thorax86 (66.7)30 (65.2)41 (71.9)15 (57.7)
 Abdomen25 (19.4)7 (15.2)11 (19.3)7 (26.9)
 Limb37 (28.7)11 (23.9)19 (33.3)7 (26.9)
 FNSB48 (37.2)8 (17.4)7 (12.3)2 (7.7)
  • AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; FNSB,face, neck, spine, back; ISS, Injury Severity Score; MTC, major trauma centre; RTC, road traffic collision; TCA, traumatic cardiac arrest.