Table 3

Interventions performed

ISSn (%) receivedn (%) survivedOR (95% CI) survival versus no interventionP value
Blood product administration34 (25–45)66 (51.2)4 (6.1)1.29 (0.334 to 5.281)1.0*
Chest compressions34 (25–45)78 (60.5)3 (3.9)0.47 (0.115 to 1.825)0.43
Defibrillation25 (17–38)11 (8.5)1 (9.1)1.87 (0.149 to 14.61)0.47
Endotracheal intubation34 (25–45)113 (87.6)7 (6.2)n/a*0.60
MTC†29 (25–45)73 (56.6)7 (9.6)n/a*0.02
Pre-hospital doctor30 (25–45)43 (41.7)4 (9.3)0.51 (0.125 to 2.011)0.45
Resuscitative thoracotomy26 (25–30.5)18 (14.0)0n/a*0.59
Thoracocentesis42 (26.4–49)33 (25.6)1 (3.0)0.47 (0.040 to 3.103)0.68
  • *ORs not calculable due to zero values in contingency analyses.

  • †All MTCs—adult, paediatric and combined.

  • ISS, Injury Severity Score; MTC, major trauma centre; n/a, not applicable.