Table 4

Predictors of HRQOL domains in surgical patients with CHD

VariablesHRQOL domains
PhysicalEmotionalSocialSchoolPsychosocialTotalCognitive
B (SE)B (SE)B (SE)B (SE)B (SE)B (SE)B (SE)
95% CI (lower to upper)
Sociodemographic Income2.33 (4.14)3.58 (4.31)1.02 (2.75)4.56 (4.96)2.57 (2.78)2.62 (-2.81)3.23 (4.23)
−5.87 to 10.54−4.96 to 12.14−4.43 to 6.48−5.28 to 14.41−2.98 to 8.11−2.94 to 8.17−5.93 to 12.40
Parental education5.05 (3.82)1.30 (3.97)−1.17 (2.54)2.34 (4.57)1.42 (2.59)2.22 (2.60)3.11 (4.26)
−2.51 to 12.62−6.58 to 9.18−6.20 to 3.86−6.75 to 11.43−3.70 to 6.55−2.92 to 7.36−5.33 to 11.56
Family structure1.14 (3.34)0.82 (3.48)2.70 (2.22)−3.46 (4.05)0.32 (2.27)0.41 (2.27)0.20 (3.73)
−5.48 to 7.78−6.08 to 7.73−1.70 to 7.11−11.51 to 4.60−4.17 to 4.81−4.09 to 4.91−7.21 to 7.60
Gender −7.74* (3.44) −0.60 (3.59)−1.65 (2.29)3.89 (4.09)0.74 (2.33)−1.44 (2.34)7.03 (3.85)
−14.57 to –0.91 −7.71 to 6.51−6.19 to 2.89−4.23 to 12.01−3.88 to 5.36−6.07 to 3.19−0.59 to 14.65
Clinical/surgical CPB time−0.06 (.03)−0.01 (0.03)−0.04 (0.02)−0.03 (0.04)−0.03 (0.02)−0.03 (0.02)−0.04 (0.04)
−1.25 to. 007−0.08 to. 056−0.08 to 0.01−0.11 to 0.05−0.07 to 0.02−0.08 to 0.01−0.12 to 0.03
Cardiac medications −12.67* (−4.36) −10.88* (−4.55) 3.87 (2.90)−3.09 (-5.12) −6.32** (−2.95) −8.03 (−2.96) 4.51 (4.88)
−4.01 to –21.32 −1.87 to –19.90 −1.88 to 9.637.08 to –13.26 −0.48 to –12.17 −2.17 to –13.89 −5.15 to 14.16
RACHS score6.41 (4.73)−2.84 (4.93)5.63 (3.15)−0.39 (5.72)0.46 (3.20)2.04 (3.20)5.83 (5.28)
−2.96 to 15.80−12.62 to 6.92−0.06 to 11.87−11.76 to 10.97−5.87 to 6.79−4.31 to 8.39−4.64 to 16.30
Number of surgeries−9.20 (4.94)−2.40 (5.14)2.42 (3.28)−2.25 (6.04)−1.02 (3.34)−3.28 (3.34)2.94 (5.52)
−18.99 to 0.588−12.59 to 7.79−4.08 to 8.93−14.27 to 9.75−7.63 to 5.59−9.91 to 3.34−7.98 to 13.87
Age at surgery5.14 (3.71)2.10 (3.87)0.01 (2.47)−7.97 (4.41)−0.55 (2.51)0.93 (2.51)−6.53 (4.15)
−2.218 to 12.51−5.56 to 9.77−4.89 to 4.90−16.75 to 0.80−5.52 to 4.42−4.06 to 5.92−14.75 to 1.69
CHD severity −9.03* (−4.32) −0.96 (4.50)−3.88 (2.87)−5.41 (5.23)−3.00 (2.91)−4.58 (2.93)−7.87 (4.82)
−17.59 to –0.47 −9.88 to 7.94−9.56 to 1.81−15.82 to 4.99−8.78 to 2.78−10.38 to 1.22−17.42 to 1.69
Length of stay−0.07 (0.51)−0.11 (0.54)−0.23 (0.35)0.11 (0.61)−0.08 (0.35)−0.07 (0.35)−0.16 (0.58)
−1.10 to 0.95−1.17 to 0.96−0.92 to 0.44−1.10 to 1.33−0.78 to 0.62−0.77 to 0.63−1.30 to 0.99
  • *P<0.05.

  • B, unstandardised coefficient; CHD, congenital heart disease; CPD, cardio-pulmonary bypass time; HRQOL, health-related quality of life; RACHS, risk adjustment for congenital heart surgery.