Table 2

Injury patterns, injury severity and mechanisms for isolated and combined injuries

n (%)Median ISS (SD)First and second most common injury mechanisms
Isolated injuries
 Limbs4736 (48.1)9.0 (0.2)Falls <2 m, road traffic incident
 Head1609 (16.3)16 (5.7)Falls <2 m, road traffic incident
 Abdominal494 (5)9.0 (4.8)Road traffic incident, fall <2 m
 Other229 (2.3)25 (8.6)Other, burn
 Spine112 (1.1)9.0 (5.2)Fall <2 m, fall >2 m
 Chest156 (1.6)9.0 (6.6)Stabbing, road traffic incident
 Total (isolated injuries)7336 (74.4)
Combined injuries
 Head and other423 (4.3)20 (6.8)Road traffic incident, blow
 Head and limb293 (3.0)17.0 (7.6)Road traffic incident, fall >2 m
 Head and spine57 (0.6)25.0 (8.6)Road traffic incident, fall <2 m
 Head and chest92 (0.9)26.0 (11.0)Road traffic incident, fall >2 m
 Limb and other148 (1.5)10.0 (2.5)Road traffic incident, fall <2 m
 Limb and pelvis55 (0.6)9.0 (6.2)Road traffic incident, fall >2 m
 Limb and chest75 (0.8)13.0 (5.9)Road traffic incident, joint second; stabbing and other
 Chest and abdomen79 (0.8)20.0 (8.5)Road traffic incident, fall <2 m
 Combined: head, chest, limb, other55 (0.6)34.0 (10.5)Road traffic incident, blow 5
 Combined: head, limb, other156 (1.6)21.0 (7.5)Road traffic incident, fall >2 m
 Combined: head, chest, limb54 (0.5)29.0 (10.1)Road traffic incident, joint second: fall >2 m and other
 Combined: head, chest, other65 (0.7)29.0 (11.9)Road traffic incident, fall >2 m
 Other combinations with a frequency <50 (n=87)963 (9.8)
Total (combined injuries) 2515 (25.7)
Total isolated and combined injuries 9851 (100.1)
  • ISS, Injury Severity Score.