Table 1

The most severely injured body part and mechanisms of injury

Most severely injured body part
Body partHeadChestSpineLimbs and pelvisAbdomenMultiple*OtherTotal
 Median age (SD)5.7 (5.5)11.8 (5.5)13.2 (4.7)4.8 (4.7)11.6 (3.7)11.5 (4.7)5.8 (5.7)
 Median ISS (SD)17.0 (9.3)14.0 (9.0)9.0 (13.9)9.0 (2.6)13.0 (7.8)19.0 (12.8)25.0 (9.2)
 Males (%)1887 (66.5)326 (71.3)81 (53.3)3624 (59.8)465 (70.8)210 (68.0)162 (65.6)6755 (68.6)
 Females (%)952 (33.5)131 (28.7)71 (46.7)1566 (30.2)192 (29.2)99 (32.0)85 (34.4)3096 (31.4)
Injury mechanism (n and column %)
 Road traffic incident992 (34.9)217 (47.5)42 (27.6)1118 (21.5)326 (49.6)225 (72.8)6 (2.4)2926 (29.7)
 Fall >2 m379 (13.3)46 (10.1)45 (29.6)322 (6.2)49 (7.5)45 (14.6)2 (0.8)888 (9.0)
 Fall <2 m881 (31.0)33 (7.2)47 (30.9)3100 (59.7)152 (23.1)10 (3.2)4 (1.6)4227 (42.9)
 Shooting7 (0.2)6 (1.3)0 (0.0)2 (0.0)3 (0.5)1 (0.3)0 (0.0)19 (0.2)
 Stabbing12 (0.4)75 (16.4)2 (1.3)9 (0.2)18 (2.7)3 (1.0)2 (0.8)121 (1.2)
 Blast0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)5 (0.1)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (0.4)6 (0.1)
 Blow363 (12.8)26 (5.7)12 (7.9)320 (6.2)88 (13.4)8 (2.6)2 (0.8)819 (8.3)
 Burn1 (0.0)6 (1.3)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (0.3)8 (3.2)16 (0.2)
 Other188 (6.6)41 (9.0)3 (2.0)236 (4.5)13 (2.0)9 (2.9)221 (89.5)711 (7.2)
 Crush16 (0.6)7 (1.5)1 (0.7)78 (1.5)8 (1.2)7 (2.3)1 (0.4)118 (1.2)
 Total2839 (100)457 (100)152 (100)5190 (100)657 (100)309 (100)247 (100)9851 (100)
  • *Multiple injuries are defined as two or more body parts with injuries of equal severity.

  • ISS, Injury Severity Score.