Table 1

Demographic and injury event details. Data are presented for all paediatric cases (aged <16 years) and stratified by age group

All paediatric cases
(n=1511)
<1 year
(n=142)
1–5 years
(n=399)
6–10 years
(n=326)
11–15 years
(n=644)
P values
Gender<0.001
 Male (%)1027 (68.0)97 (68.3)242 (60.6)211 (64.7)477 (74.1)
 Female (%)484 (32.0)45 (31.7)157 (39.4)157 (35.3)167 (25.9)
Charlson Comorbidity Index weight0.075
 0 (%)1361 (90.1)130 (91.5)367 (92.0)299 (91.7)565 (87.7)
 ≥1 (%)150 (9.9)12 (8.5)32 (8.0)27 (8.3)79 (12.3)
Index of Socioeconomic Advantage and Disadvantage (quintile)*0.499
 1 (most disadvantaged) (%)267 (17.9)24 (17.1)68 (17.3)60 (18.7)115 (18.1)
 2 (%)271 (18.2)28 (20.0)73 (18.5)46 (14.3)124 (19.5)
 3 (%)334 (22.4)25 (17.9)80 (20.3)79 (24.6)150 (23.6)
 4 (%)347 (23.3)32 (22.9)101 (25.6)71 (22.1)143 (22.5)
 5 (least disadvantaged) (%)272 (18.3)31 (22.2)72 (18.3)65 (20.3)104 (16.4)
Geographic remoteness index†0.008
 Major cities (%)986 (66.4)107 (76.4)275 (70.0)215 (67.2)384 (61.5)
 Inner regional (%)401 (27.0)29 (20.7)95 (24.2)80 (25.0)197 (31.2)
 Outer regional/remote (%)98 (6.6)**23 (5.9)25 (7.8)46 (7.3)
Compensable‡<0.001
 No (%)1057 (70.8)127 (91.4)283 (71.1)214 (66.9)433 (68.0)
 Yes (%)437 (29.2)12 (8.6)115 (28.9)106 (33.1)204 (32.0)
Trauma type<0.001
 Blunt (%)1321 (87.4)130 (91.6)300 (75.2)306 (93.9)585 (90.8)
 Penetrating (%)38 (2.5)**14 (3.5)5 (1.5)19 (3.0)
 Burn (%)74 (4.9)5 (3.5)37 (9.3)8 (2.5)24 (3.7)
 Other (%)78 (5.2)7 (4.9)48 (12.0)7 (2.1)16 (2.5)
Cause of injury<0.001
 Motor vehicle collision (%)227 (15.0)11 (7.8)64 (16.1)50 (15.4)102 (15.8)
 Motorcycle (%)131 (8.7)**8 (2.0)29 (8.9)94 (14.6)
 Pedal cycle (%)144 (9.5)**7 (1.8)37 (11.3)100 (15.5)
 Pedestrian (%)148 (9.8)**52 (13.0)41 (12.6)53 (8.2)
 Low fall (%)192 (12.7)45 (31.7)53 (13.3)42 (12.9)52 (8.1)
 High fall (%)151 (10.0)12 (8.5)44 (11.0)44 (13.5)51 (7.9)
 Struck by/collisions with an object or person (%)205 (13.6)31 (21.8)42 (10.5)42 (12.9)90 (14.0)
 Horse related (%)53 (3.5)**14 (3.5)10 (3.1)29 (4.5)
 Fire/scalds/contact burns (%)68 (4.5)**34 (8.5)8 (2.4)22 (3.4)
 Submersion and drowning (%)53 (3.5)5 (3.5)37 (9.3)5 (1.5)6 (0.9)
 Cutting/piercing object (%)26 (1.7)**8 (2.0)**14 (2.2)
 Other treat to breathing (%)22 (1.5)**10 (2.5)**8 (1.2)
 Other (%)91 (6.0)30 (21.1)26 (6.5)12 (3.7)23 (3.6)
Intent of injury<0.001
 Unintentional (%)1373 (90.9)89 (62.7)372 (93.2)322 (98.8)590 (91.6)
 Intentional self-harm (%)19 (1.2)******19 (3.0)
 Non-accidental injury (%)83 (5.5)45 (31.7)12 (3.0)**24 (3.7)
 Intent could not be determined (%)36 (2.4)8 (5.6)15 (3.8)**11 (1.7)
Activity§<0.001
 Sports (%)121 (8.8)**5 (1.4)19 (6.2)97 (16.4)
 Leisure activity (%)565 (41.0)22 (17.3)170 (48.0)136 (44.4)237 (40.0)
 Education (%)65 (4.7)**5 (1.4)27 (8.8)33 (5.6)
 Being nursed (%)99 (7.2)76 (59.8)22 (6.2)****
 Other (%)529 (38.4)29 (22.8)152 (42.9)124 (40.5)224 (37.8)
Place of injury¶<0.001
 Home (%)459 (32.1)108 (81.2)204 (52.7)73 (23.9)74 (12.2)
 School (%)88 (6.2)**8 (2.1)34 (11.2)46 (7.6)
 Athletics or sports area (%)87 (6.1)******81 (13.4)
 Road, street or highway (%)471 (32.9)11 (8.3)102 (26.4)123 (40.3)235 (38.8)
 Farm (%)84 (5.9)**26 (6.7)21 (6.9)37 (6.1)
 Place for recreation (%)154 (10.8)**27 (7.0)32 (10.5)92 (15.2)
 Other (%)88 (6.2)11 (8.3)18 (4.7)18 (5.9)41 (6.8)
  • Missing data:

  • *n=26 (1.7%); †n=20 (1.3%); ‡n=17 (1.1%); §n=132 (8.7%); ¶n=80 (5.3%).

  • **Reflects cell counts <5.