Table 2

Comparison of characteristics of neonates with and without any sign of sepsis in the first 7 days of life

VariableSepsis
n=10
No sepsis
n=123
P values
Maternal age, median (IQR)23 (22–27)24. (21–28)0.58
Primigravida, n (%)6 (67)70 (57)0.99
Mode of delivery, n (%)
 Normal vaginal7 (70)93 (75.6)0.94
 Caesarean section2 (20)19 (15.5)0.98
 Instrumentation1 (10)11 (8.9)0.99
Spontaneous rupture of membranes, n (%)7 (70)98 (79.7)0.71
Duration of PROM, median hours (IQR)18 (16.3–25.5)21.4 (16–29)0.31
Maternal antibiotics before delivery, n (%)5 (50)43 (35)0.34
Type of antibiotic given to mother, n (%)
Single drug3 (60)13 (30.2)0.20
Combination2 (40)30 (69.8)0.99
Labour-induced, n (%)5 (50)26 (21.1)0.04
Length of labour, median hours (IQR)25.8 (15.1–41.2)17.4 (10.9–26.0)0.13
Maternal signs of chorioamnionitis, n (%)1 (10)5 (4.1)0.76
Meconium exposure, n (%)1 (10)19 (15.5)0.99
Newborn weight (kg), median (IQR)3.48 (3.10–3.68)3.11 (2.85–3.5)0.10
Sex, n (%)0.99
 Male5 (50)63 (51.2)
 Female5 (50)60 (48.8)
Apgar score, median (IQR)
 1 min8 (8–8.3)9 (8–9)0.01
 5 min10 (10–10)10 (10–10)0.30
  • PROM, prolonged rupture of membranes.