Table 1

Annual neonatal mortality in total live births and SNJ and the incidence of SNJ with different severity in Taiwan

Year 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Annual births† (n) 305 312 260 354 247 530 227 070 216 419 205 854 204 459 204 414 198 733 191 310 166 886
Mortality† (n) (%)*1048 (0.34)878 (0.34)755 (0.31)638 (0.28)628 (0.29)620 (0.30)559 (0.27)597 (0.29)548 (0.28)459 (0.24)429 (0.26)
SNJ (n) (%)*‡17 877 (5.86)17 699 (6.80)19 295 (7.80)19 200 (8.46)22 253 (10.28)22 809 (11.08)24 413 (11.94)25 082 (12.27)25 590 (12.88)25 399 (13.28)22 929 (13.74)
SNJ mortality (n) (%)*92 (0.51)81 (0.46)55 (0.29)63 (0.33)60 (0.27)48 (0.21)48 (0.20)66 (0.26)53 (0.21)44 (0.17)59 (0.26)
Level of severity§
 Phototherapy (n) (%)*¶12 335 (69)12 610 (71.25)14 179 (73.49)14 046 (73.16)15 591 (70.06)16 136 (70.74)17 152 (70.26)17 211 (68.62)17 088 (66.78)17 080 (67.25)15 451 (67.39)
 Intensive phototherapy (n) (%)*¶2498 (13.97)2706 (15.29)2900 (15.03)3164 (16.48)4242 (19.06)4622 (20.26)5003 (20.49)6023 (24.01)6588 (25.74)6521 (25.67)6069 (26.47)
 ET (n) (%)*¶96 (0.54)67 (0.38)67 (0.35)55 (0.29)40 (0.18)49 (0.21)23 (0.09)20 (0.08)15 (0.06)23 (0.09)18 (0.08)
  • *Trend in proportions: P<0.001.

  • †Source: Department of Household Registration database, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of China.

  • ‡Number of SNJ cases/number of annual live births.

  • §Severity of SNJ was categorised according to intervention, which includes phototherapy, intensive phototherapy and ET.

  • ¶Number of SNJ cases with each intervention/number of total SNJ cases.

  • ET, exchange transfusion; NJ, neonatal jaundice; SNJ, significant neonatal jaundice.