Table 3

Guideline dissemination efforts in included studies

Study IDCountryYearOnline publicationOnline self-care advice to the publicHard copy disseminationPublic media campaignsNewspapersWorkshops or lectures for physiciansDebates or round tables for physiciansAntibiotic stewardship campaigns*Patient leaflet
Tyrstrup et al14Sweden2010
Palma et al11Italy2010
Levy et al9France2011
McGrath et al10USA2004
Coco et al8USA2004
Thompson et al13UK2003
Ríos et al12Spain2001
  • *Antibiotic stewardship campaigns specifically set up with the aim to promote guideline awareness, through various methods (eg, lectures, educational outreach visits).

  • †Guideline dissemination methods solely based on article, authors not available for correspondence.