Table 1

Comparison of length of stay (LOS) and paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission rates for patients with bronchiolitis pre-introduction and post-introduction of humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen (n=645)

2012 (n=301)2015 (n=344)p Value
Mean LOS (days)2.06±SD 1.72
(range 0–14)
2.08±SD 1.93
(range 0–19)
p=0.58
Number of PICU admissions (%)15 (4.98%)14 (4.07%)p=0.60
Mean LOS by severity groups (days)

 Mild
1.14±SD 0.83
n=112
1.0±SD 0.64
n=120
p=0.17

 Moderate
2.49±SD 1.71
n=178
2.52±SD 1.79
n=214
p=0.63

 Severe
4.36±SD 3.30
n=11
5.80±SD 4.85
n=10
p=0.41