Table 2

WHO recommendations for vitamin A supplementation of children34

Target groupInfants 6–11 monthsChildren aged 12–59 months
Dose100 000 IU (30 mg retinol equivalent)200 000 IU (60 mg retinol equivalent)
FrequencyOnceEvery 4–6 months
Route of administration/preparationOral liquid, oil-based preparation of retinyl palmitate or retinyl acetate
SettingsPopulations where the prevalence of night blindness is 1% or higher in children 24–59 months of age or where the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency (serum retinol 0.70 μmol/L or lower) is 20% or higher in infants and children 6–59 months of age