Table 1

Key characteristics and parameters

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  • Indicators combined within a single parameter are presented in coloured text /✓. All studies are single-centred unless otherwise stated.

  • *Following one bolus of 10 mL/kg fluid.

  • †Separate parameters for children with and without cyanotic heart disease.

  • ‡The Children's Early Warning Score is the local unpublished PEWS.

  • BP, blood pressure; CVL, central venous line; DKA, diabetic ketoacidosis; ICU, intensive care unit; ITAT, inpatient triage, assessment and treatment score; MET, Medical Emergency Team; NHSI, NHS Institute; PEWS, paediatric early warning system; PMET, Paediatric Medical Emergency Team; SVT, supraventricular tachycardia; THSC, Toronto Hospital for Sick Children.