Table 3

Simple means and sample sizes for all outcome measures at all time points

Baseline3 months12 months
FFHUCFFHUCFFHUC
nMean (95%CI)nMean (95%CI)nMean (95%CI)nMean (95% CI)nMean (95% CI)nMean (95% CI)
Child BMI z-score632.69 (2.52 to 2.85)652.74 (2.57 to 2.91)482.62 (2.43 to 2.82)502.65 (2.45 to 2.85)452.72 (2.54 to 2.89)432.58 (2.37 to 2.79)
Child waist z-score633.33 (3.17 to 3.49)653.27 (3.09 to 3.44)483.19 (3.00 to 3.37)503.21 (3.02 to 3.40)453.32 (3.18 to 3.47)433.09 (2.87 to 3.31)
Child % body fat6336.81 (35.25 to 38.36)6537.46 (35.80 to 39.13)4836.69 (34.77 to 38.61)5036.95(35.20 to 38.69)4537.58(35.51 to 39.64)4335.71(33.64 to 37.79)
Child BMI6325.79 (24.67 to 26.91)6525.93 (24.86 to 26.99)4826.18 (24.74 to 27.61)5025.60(24.40 to 26.81)4527.30(25.80 to 28.81)4325.82(24.69 to 26.95)
Child waist circumference6386.17 (83.24 to 89.09)6586.30 (83.35 to 89.24)4886.44 (82.63 to 90.24)5085.62(82.15 to 89.08)4590.36(86.79 to 93.92)4386.47(83.13 to 89.81)
Child age639.46 (9.07 to 9.86)659.43 (9.03 to 9.83)4810.01 (9.56 to 10.45)509.56 (9.10 to 10.03)4510.50 (10.05 to 10.94)4310.27 (9.77 to 10.77)
Fruit and vegetableconsumption (child)†632.13 (1.60 to 2.65)652.43 (1.95 to 2.91)482.13 (1.54 to 2.71)502.22 (1.75 to 2.69)452.22 (1.64 to 2.85)412.29 (1.74 to 2.85)
EQ-5D-Y (child reported)
Visual AnalogueScale score†6371.95 (65.91 to 77.99)6569.92(64.32 to 75.52)4870.72(65.12 to 76.33)5076.06(69.96 to 82.16)4570.22(64.55 to 75.90)4273.93(66.86 to 80.99)
Utility score†630.82 (0.77 to 0.87)650.79 (0.72 to 0.86)480.83 (0.76 to 0.90)500.80 (0.73 to 0.88)430.83 (0.77 to 0.90)410.79 (0.71 to 0.88)
EQ-5D-Y (parent reported)
Visual Analogue Scale score†6375.21 (70.38 to 80.03)6574.56(69.48 to 79.63)4680.91(76.59 to 85.23)5083.32(79.17 to 87.47)4480.66(76.24 to 85.08)4280.26(75.19 to 85.33)
Utility score†630.85 (0.80 to 0.90)650.84 (0.78 to 0.89)460.86 (0.79 to 0.93)500.84 (0.77 to 0.91)440.88 (0.84 to 0.91)420.87 (0.81 to 0.93)
PedsQL Inventory (child reported)
Overall score†6375.91(72.01 to 79.81)6578.07(74.39 to 81.76)4879.96(75.74 to 84.18)5077.90(73.27 to 82.54)4579.93(75.42 to 84.43)4279.04(74.13 to 83.95)
Psychosocial score†6375.00(70.74 to 79.26)6576.97(72.97 to 80.97)4879.10(74.70 to 83.50)5076.61(71.48 to 81.74)4578.85(73.85 to 83.86)4279.05(73.86 to 84.24)
Physical score†6377.54(73.07 to 82.01)6580.19(76.19 to 84.18)4881.57(76.90 to 86.23)5080.25(75.59 to 84.91)4581.94(77.45 to 86.44)4279.02(74.00 to 84.04)
PedsQL Inventory (parent reported)
Overall score†6372.30(67.42 to 77.19)6570.61(66.58 to 74.64)4773.72(67.91 to 79.54)4973.83(68.34 to 79.31)4576.71(71.18 to 82.25)4275.98(71.19 to 80.77)
Psychosocial score†6371.19(66.14 to 76.24)6569.35(65.47 to 73.24)4772.80(66.82 to 78.77)4973.77(68.74 to 78.80)4575.11(69.14 to 81.08)4275.67(71.09 to 80.24)
Physical score†6374.45(69.24 to 79.66)6572.87(67.19 to 78.56)4775.51(68.53 to 82.50)4973.93(66.74 to 81.12)4579.71(73.68 to 85.74)4276.58(69.99 to 83.17)
Habitual activity by accelerometer
 MVPA (min/day)†2746.96(40.16 to 53.77)1952.60(40.22 to 64.98) 2743.71(36.58 to 50.85)1957.81(46.82 to 68.81)
 Sedentary (min/day)27454.41(425.09 to 483.72)19436.68(400.52 to 472.84) 27458.65(433.90 to 483.40)19427.62(384.72 to 470.52)
 Step count†278297.94(7552.43 to 9043.46)198316.76(7214.66 to 9418.87) 278520.24 (7554.70 to 9485.79)199129.62 (7789.40 to 10469.85)
Parenting style
 Authoritative score†564.08 (3.92 to 4.23)594.02 (3.84 to 4.21)454.13 (3.97 to 4.29)454.04 (3.82 to 4.26)444.19 (4.04 to 4.34)383.97 (3.74 to 4.21)
 Authoritarian score561.70 (1.58 to 1.83)591.58 (1.47 to 1.69)451.60 (1.46 to 1.74)451.56 (1.45 to 1.66)441.59 (1.45 to 1.72)381.58 (1.46 to 1.69)
 Permissive score562.34 (2.14 to 2.55)592.28 (2.07 to 2.50)452.21 (1.98 to 2.43)452.19 (1.96 to 2.43)442.11 (1.90 to 2.32)382.09 (1.86 to 2.33)
Child-parent relationship
 Overall score†633.93 (3.77 to 4.09)654.11 (3.95 to 4.27)474.05 (3.85 to 4.24)504.18 (3.98 to 4.37)453.98 (3.77 to 4.20)424.12 (3.93 to 4.31)
 Conflicts score†633.44 (3.22 to 3.66)653.80 (3.57 to 4.03)473.63 (3.36 to 3.90)503.81 (3.54 to 4.08)453.54 (3.23 to 3.85)423.76 (3.49 to 4.03)
 Closeness score†634.49 (4.36 to 4.62)654.47 (4.30 to 4.63)474.53 (4.39 to 4.67)504.60 (4.45 to 4.75)454.49 (4.34 to 4.64)424.53 (4.36 to 4.71)
FEAHQ children subscales*
 Activity level638.16 (3.96 to 12.37)659.09 (5.59 to 12.59)476.91 (3.18 to 10.64)493.79 (0.44 to 7.14)457.09 (2.56 to 11.61)424.73 (-0.42 to 9.87)
 Stimulus6317.33(14.68 to 19.99)6517.26(14.52 to 20.00)4714.45(11.90 to 17.00)4916.08(12.68 to 19.48)4513.78(11.94 to 15.61)4215.79(12.74 to 18.84)
 Eating related to hunger635.67 (5.19 to 6.14)655.58 (5.17 to 6.00)475.21 (4.67 to 5.76)495.57 (5.07 to 6.08)455.36 (4.83 to 5.88)425.48 (4.91 to 6.04)
 Eating style6316.43(14.83 to 18.02)6514.37(13.03 to 15.71)4713.85(12.35 to 15.35)4912.90(11.54 to 14.26)4514.42(12.62 to 16.22)4213.31(11.59 to 15.03)
 Parent BMI6431.88(30.03 to 33.73)7332.01(30.08 to 33.94)4930.20(30.04 to 33.96)4931.07(29.11 to 33.03)5031.82(29.92 to 33.72)4229.66(27.67 to 31.64)
 Parent % body fat6438.48(36.11 to 40.85)7339.21(37.10 to 41.32)4739.52(37.27 to 41.79)4938.72(36.22 to 41.21)4638.36(36.05 to 40.67)4136.89(34.06 to 39.72)
 Parent WEMWBS†5647.86(45.48 to 50.23)5747.74(45.17 to 50.31)4550.00(47.47 to 52.53)4348.09(44.78 to 51.40)4450.68(47.59 to 53.78)3844.95(41.14 to 48.75)
  • *FEAHQ parent subscales not shown, all between-group differences non-significant.

  • †Denotes variables where higher scores are better (for other variables lower scores are better).

  • BMI, body mass index; EQ-5D-Y, EuroQol Five Dimensions Questionnaire Youth Version; FFH, Families for Health; FEAHQ, Family Eating and Activity Habits Questionnaire; MVPA, moderate and vigorous physical activity; UC, usual care; WEMWBS, Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale.