Table 2

General characteristics of 165 children admitted with Plasmodium falciparum malaria

CharacteristicsCases (n=55)Controls (n=110)p Value
Boys, n (%)29/55 (52.7%)65/110 (59.1%)0.44*
Age (months), median (IQR)94 (33–147)87 (39–134)0.96
Infants (<3 years old), n (%)14/55 (25.5%)20/110 (18.2%)0.28*
Born in countries with endemic malaria, n (%)8/55 (14.5%)13/110 (11.8%)0.63*
Duration of overseas travel (days), median (IQR) (missing data n=16)46 (29–90)51 (31–62)0.96†
Duration of symptoms before admission (days), median (IQR) (missing data n=27)4 (2–6)2 (1–5)0.04†
Antimalarial chemoprophylaxis, n (%)0.40‡
 Appropriate3/52 (5.8%)10/104 (9.6%)
 Inappropriate and/or low compliance22/52 (42.3%)53/104 (51.0%)
 None27/52 (51.9%)43/104 (41.4%)
Duration of PICU stay (days), median (IQR)2 (1–3)
Duration of hospital stay (days), median (IQR)6 (4–7)1 (0–2)<0.01†
  • Cases: Children hospitalised in paediatric intensive care units (PICUs); Controls: Children not hospitalised in PICUs.

  • 2 test.

  • †Wilcoxon rank sum test.

  • ‡Fisher's exact test.