Table 2

Bacterial culture results associated with different diagnoses from 251 episodes of paediatric outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy

Type of infection
No. culture positive/total (%)
Culture positive samples
Bacteria isolated
Gram positiveNo.Gram negativeNo.
Skin and soft tissue
27/58 (46.6%)
  • Skin swab 15

  • Pus 12

Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA 3)17Pseudomonas aeruginosa3
Streptococcus pyogenes5
CoNS3
Streptococcus spp. other2
Propionibacterium acnes1
Gram-positive cocci1
Respiratory
37/56 (66.1%)
  • Sputum 36

  • Throat swab 1

S. aureus (MRSA 0)7Haemophilus parainfluenzae10
Streptococcus pneumoniae1Stenotrophomonas maltophilia8
Nocardia spp.1Haemophilus influenzae non-typeable7
CoNS1P. aeruginosa2
Serratia marcescens1
Escherichia coli1
Brevundimonas spp.1
Mycobacterium abscessus1
Bloodstream
38/44 (86.3)
  • Peripheral blood 9

  • CVC blood 29

CoNS9P. aeruginosa4
S. aureus (MRSA 1)4Salmonella typhi4
Bacillus cereus2Klebsiella spp.3
Streptococcus agalactiae1E. coli2
S. pneumoniae1Salmonella spp. other2
Streptococcus viridans1Enterobacter cloacae1
Streptococcus mitis1Citrobacter freundii1
Enterococcus faecalis1Gram-negative bacillus1
Leuconostoc spp.1Roseomonas spp.1
Micrococcus spp.1Mycobacterium chelonae1
Musculoskeletal
17/39 (43.6%)
  • Bone/joint aspirate 18

  • Blood 3

S. aureus13E. coli2
B. cereus1Citrobacter spp.2
S. pneumoniae1Acinetobacter baumannii1
S. intermedius1
Genitourinary
22/30 (73.3)
  • Urine 22

  E. coli14
Klebsiella spp.3
Enterobacter cloacae3
P. aeruginosa3
CNS
8/21 (38.1)
  • CSF 5, urine 1

  • Pus 2

S. pneumoniae1E. coli2
S. agalactiae1Neisseria sicca1
S. pyogenes1Salmonella spp.1
S. aureus (MRSA 1)1
Cardiac
1/2 (50.0)
  • Blood 1

S. aureus1
  • CoNS, coagulase negative staphylococcus; CVC, central venous catheter.