Table 1

Cause of head injury in children: gender, age, number and proportion of (a) children referred to social services and (b) abnormal head CT scans by cause

Cause of injuryNumber of cases
(% of total cases)
Male/female ratioMedian age (range), years(a) Number of child protection referrals to social care (%)(b) Number of abnormal CT (%)
Fall from <1 m or <5 stairs1830 (32.1)1.3:12.1 (0–14.9)95 (5.2)114 (6.2)
Fall from height
 Fall from >1 m or >5 stairs1004 (17.6)1.2:12.1 (0–14.8)75 (7.5)100 (10)
 Fall, height unknown703 (12.3)1.5:14.25 (0–14.9)34 (4.8)55 (7.8)
Motor vehicle accident (MVA)
 MVA (not pedestrian)89 (1.6)1.5:16.5 (0–14.9)11 (12.3)19 (21.4)
 Struck by car (child was a cyclist)35 (0.6)3.4:112.2 (1–14.9)2 (5.3)10 (28.6)
 Struck by car (child was pedestrian)279 (4.9)1.6:111.3 (0–14.9)8 (2.9)71 (25.4)
Sport and recreational
 Cycling268 (4.7)4.6:111.5 (0.8–14.8)2 (0.7)33 (12.3)
 Sport361 (6.3)6.4:112.4 (0–14.9)1 (0.3)28 (7.8)
 Other recreational154 (2.7)2:18.7 (0.4–14.9)1 0.621 (13.6)
Other
 Assault119 (2.1)3:113.0 (0–14.9)34 (29.6)16 (13.5)
 Other impact701 (12.3)1.6:13.75 (0–14.9)40 (5.7)42 (5.9)
 Missing51 (0.9)1.4:16.7 (0–14.8)9 (18)1 (2)
 Not known106 (1.9)2.6:11.4 (0–14.7)45 (42.4)26 (24.5)
Total5700 (100.0)1.6:14.0 (0–14.9)357 (6.3)536 (9.4)