Table 2

Neurological status of children with head injury and number and proportion of children with abnormal head CT scan in each age group

Total 5700Number, % (95% CI) in each age group
<1 year
n=1093
1–4 years
n=2042
5–9 years
n=1110
10–14 years
n=1447
GCS=15/AVPU=‘A’
(GCS=15, 3582/AVPU=‘A’, 940)
4522*
79.3%
876
80.1% (77.7% to 82.4%)
1652
80.9% (79.1% to 82.5%)
891
80.3% (77.8% to 82.5%)
1096
75.7% (73.5% to 77.9%)
GCS=13–14393
6.9%
39
3.6% (2.6% to 4.8%)
93
4.5% (3.7% to 5.5%)
87
7.8% (6.4% to 9.6%)
174
12% (10.4% to 13.8%)
GCS=9–12/AVPU=‘V’
(GCS=9–12, 114/AVPU=‘V’, 28)
142*
2.5%
13
1.2% (0.7% to 2.0%)
42
2.1% (1.5% to 2.8%)
34
3.1% (2.2% to 4.2%)
52
3.6% (2.7% to 4.7%)
GCS≤8/AVPU=‘P’ or ‘U’
(GCS≤8, 93/AVPU=‘P’ or ‘U’, 18)
111
1.9%
18
1.6% (1.0% to 2.6%)
38
1.9% (1.4% to 2.5%)
16
1.4% (0.9% to 2.3%)
39
2.7% (2.0% to 3.7%)
Extent of neurological impairment not recorded532
9.3%
147
13.4% (11.5% to 15.6%)
217
10.6% (9.4% to 12.0%)
82
7.3% (6.0% to 9.1%)
86
5.9% (4.8% to 7.3%)
Abnormal CT536
9.4%
143
13% (11.2% to 15.2%)
112
5.5% (4.6% to 6.5%)
101
9.1% (7.5% to 10.9%)
178
12.3% (10.7% to 13.1%)
  • *Age was not recorded for eight cases: seven had GCS of 15 (two had abnormal CT), and one had GCS of 12.

  • GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale.