Table 4

Hospital presentation rate (per 100 person-months) for each symptom group from HES-linked tumour registrations before intracranial tumour diagnosis in patients aged 0–24 years, England, 1997–2006

(A) By age at presentation
Age at presentation0–4 years5–11 years12–18 years19–24 years
Length of observation (person-months)55 655.970 115.358 313.026 435.0
Symptom groupCountRate95% CIPer centCountRate95% CIPer centCountRate95% CIPer centCountRate95% CIPer cent
Headache410.070.05 to 0.10832200.310.27 to 0.36901780.310.26 to 0.3587790.300.24 to 0.3786
Raised ICP6501.171.08 to 1.26627101.010.94 to 1.09674490.770.70 to 0.84642030.770.67 to 0.8866
Convulsions2440.440.39 to 0.50641980.280.25 to 0.32533330.570.51 to 0.64521620.610.53 to 0.7159
Visual disturbance1030.190.15 to 0.22371480.210.18 to 0.25571260.220.18 to 0.2665540.200.16 to 0.2754
Focal deficits1860.330.29 to 0.39541450.210.18 to 0.24661350.230.20 to 0.2747540.200.16 to 0.2759
Growth or endocrine310.060.04 to 0.08391640.230.20 to 0.2719750.130.10 to 0.1625750.280.23 to 0.3625
Behavioural260.050.03 to 0.0731350.050.04 to 0.0751290.050.03 to 0.0762110.040.02 to 0.0873
General1310.240.20 to 0.2860660.090.07 to 0.1259450.080.06 to 0.1058140.050.03 to 0.0986
(B) By time from diagnosis
Time from diagnosis6–12 months before3–6 months before1–3 months before0–1 month before
Symptom groupCountRate95% CIPer centCountRate95% CIPer centCountRate95% CIPer centCountRate95% CIPer cent
Headache270.120.08 to 0.1896280.240.17 to 0.3589510.650.50 to 0.86823388.577.70 to 9.5391
Raised ICP350.160.12 to 0.2269400.350.26 to 0.48601131.451.20 to 1.7463143736.4434.60 to 38.3768
Convulsions1010.460.38 to 0.56661050.920.76 to 1.11701141.461.21 to 1.757640210.199.24 to 11.2446
Visual disturbance130.060.03 to 0.1054120.100.06 to 0.1825330.420.30 to 0.59452566.495.74 to 7.3466
Focal deficits170.080.05 to 0.1365270.240.16 to 0.3474420.540.40 to 0.73523077.786.96 to 8.7163
Growth or endocrine120.060.03 to 0.108270.240.16 to 0.3422370.470.34 to 0.65271543.913.33 to 4.5730
Behavioural60.030.01 to 0.061790.080.04 to 0.155660.080.03 to 0.1767501.270.96 to 1.6758
General110.050.03 to 0.0964180.160.10 to 0.2567250.320.22 to 0.47481343.402.87 to 4.0274
  • Percentages refer to the proportion of hospital episodes that were admitted via an emergency route.

  • ICP, intracranial pressure,HES, Hospital Episode Statistics.