Table 1

Description of admissions and deaths due to head injury in children aged 0–15 years, 2000–2011

GuidelineRCS15NICE 2003NICE 2007
Year200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011
Number of HI admissions34 15034 75432 70433 84234 29135 00234 84433 24833 33135 67936 36037 430
Incidence rate ratio (IRR) of admission compared with 2000(95% CI)1.001.03 (1.01 to 1.04)0.97 (0.95 to 0.98)1.00 (0.99 to 1.02)1.02 (1.01 to 1.04)1.04 (1.03 to 1.06)1.04 (1.02 to 1.05)0.99 (0.98 to 1.01)0.99 (0.97 to 1.00)1.05 (1.04 to 1.07)1.07 (1.05 to 1.08)1.09 (1.08 to 1.11)
Number of HI deaths766359626042593535302640
IRR of death compared with 2000 (95% CI)1.000.83 (0.60 to 1.17)0.79 (0.56 to 1.10)0.83 (0.59 to 1.16)0.80 (0.57 to 1.13)0.56 (0.39 to 0.82)0.79 (0.56 to 1.11)0.47 (0.31 to 0.70)0.47 (0.31 to 0.70)0.40 (0.26 to 0.61)0.34 (0.22 to 0.54)0.52 (0.36 to 0.77)
Number of neurosurgeries147127107144127153143116119134117119
IRR of neurosurgery compared with 2000(95% CI)1.000.87 (0.69 to 1.10)0.74 (0.57 to 0.94)0.99 (0.79 to 1.25)0.88 (0.69 to 1.11)1.06 (0.84 to 1.33)0.99 (0.79 to 1.25)0.80 (0.63 to 1.02)0.82 (0.64 to 1.04)0.92 (0.73 to 1.16)0.80 (0.63 to 1.02)0.81 (0.63 to 1.03)
% admissions having a CT scan6.2*12.0*14.516.416.316.1
% admissions with length of stay <1 day37.639.640.841.944.747.450.051.253.555.056.457.4
% admissions with length of stay=1 day47.946.545.145.043.641.039.238.136.535.134.033.8
% admissions with length of stay ≥2 days14.413.914.113.111.711.510.810.79.99.99.68.8
  • *CT data were not routinely collected prior to 2006; data for 2006 and 2007 may be incomplete.

  • HI, head injury; NICE, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence; RCS, Royal College of Surgeons.