Table 1

Cross-sectional studies: data collection and survey details

Study detailsData collection detailsSample characteristics
Author, yearCountry (state)Name of larger survey (if applicable)Student response rate (%)Number of participants in total sample (schools/classroom)Mean age (SD), rangeGender (%Female, %Male, %Non-response)
Bernadet et al, 201246France62.2832 (7 schools)Students aged 11–15‡NA
Besnard and Ponroy 200444FranceNA194 (2 schools)14.42 (0.88), 12–1753.6, 46.4
Bonnelye, 200745FranceNA48911.7 (3.3), 7–1745, 55
Brausch et al, 20113*USA (Illinois)Illinois Youth Survey (IYS)654693 (27 schools)16.1 (1.12), 14–1949, 45, 6
Center for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), 200827Canada (Ontario)Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey (OSDUHS)686323 (119 schools, 385 classrooms)Students aged 12–17‡NA
Center for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), 201047Canada (Ontario)Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey (OSDUHS)659112 (181 schools, 573 classrooms)Students aged 12–17‡NA
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 201036USA (Oregon)Oregon Healthy Teens (OHT) Survey77.0 (schools), 83.7 (students)10 642 (114 schools)13.7 (0.5), 12–1551.5, 48.5
Dake et al, 201029USA (Ohio)953598 (88 schools, 192 classrooms)12–18 years53, 48 (middle school); 48, 52 (high school)
Diaz Jimenez and Valencia 201448Colombia (Cali)NA350 (4 schools)Students aged 12–1757, 43
Hillard, 201249*USA (Illinois)Illinois Youth Survey (IYS)70393314.7 (year-9 students)
17.7 (year-12 students)
50.7, 47.2, 2.1
IPSOS, 201250FranceNA10126–15 yearsNA
Macnab et al, 200930Canada (Ontario) and USA (Texas)90.72504 (8 schools)13.7 (2.2), 9–1852, 48
Maine Department of Health and Human Services and Maine Department of Education, 201251USA (Maine)Maine Integrated Youth Health Survey (MIYHS)71.7 (middle school), 66.7 (high school)60 380 (325 schools)10–18 years‡NA
Oregon Health Authority, 201452USA (Oregon)Oregon Healthy Teens (OHT) SurveyNA26 73112–18 years‡Year 8: 50.4, 49.6; year 11: 50.6, 49.4
Ramowski et al, 201228USA (Oregon)Oregon Healthy Teens (OHT) Survey95.6534812–15 yearsNA
Williams County Family and Children First Council, 200753USA (Ohio)Williams County Youth Health Assessment97367 (8 schools)12–18 yearsNA
Williams County Family and Children First Council, 201054USA (Ohio)Williams County Youth Health Assessment95422 (11 schools)12–18 yearsNA
  • *Brausch et al (2011)3 undertakes secondary analysis of Hillard (2012)49 data.

  • †Dake et al (2010)29 seems to have incorporated Williams Country Family and Children First Council (2010).54

  • ‡Specific ages estimated by authors based on stated school years.

  • NA, not available.