Table 4

Summary of results of anxiety studies

StudyMain study findings for mental health outcome*Main study findings for physical health outcome*Other study outcomes*
Blocher et al27Significant reductions over time (baseline, mid, post and 3-month follow-up) for:
▸ Child-rated anxiety 
▸ Parent-rated total problem behaviours
Non-significant changes for: 
▸ Parent-rated internalising symptoms 
▸ Parent-rated child anxiety
73% of participants scored within non-clinical range on child anxiety measure post-treatment
None▸ All parents were satisfied with the computerised CBT intervention (agreeing or strongly agreeing that the programme was helpful for their child, and would recommend to another parent).
▸ All young people stated that the programme was helpful in reducing anxiety symptoms
Hains et al28▸ Reductions in trait anxiety over intervention for four of the five participants, maintained at 3-month follow-up▸ Reductions in functional disability scores post-treatment, although for two, the score then increased again at 3-month follow-up (one markedly so)▸ Mean decrease in negative coping strategies and an increase in positive coping, but only for illness- (cystic fibrosis) specific problems
▸ Regarding general coping strategies, negative coping strategies did not change, and three young people demonstrated reductions in positive coping
Hains et al29▸ Four out of the five young people scoring at elevated levels of anxiety preintervention demonstrated a reduction in anxiety post-treatment, with gains maintained (or improved upon) at the 3-month follow-up▸ Diabetes stress—varied response. Little improvements made in most cases▸ The two young people scoring at elevated levels for anger expression preintervention demonstrated reductions in anger expression scores at the end of treatment and at 3-month follow-up
Papneja and Manassis.30Significant reductions over time for:
▸ Clinical Global Impression Scale score in children with anxiety and asthma, and children with anxiety alone
Non-significant trend for:
▸ Less improvement in children with comorbid anxiety and asthma
Reigada et al31▸ Self-reported general anxiety was reduced (only descriptive statistics provided)
▸ Four participants did not meet criteria for clinician-rated principle anxiety diagnosis following the intervention
▸ Overall reduction in pain
▸ Changes in disease severity were varied; 50% of participants had reduced disease severity following the intervention, 25% had the same and 25% had increased disease severity
▸ Average parent satisfaction rating of satisfied/very satisfied with the intervention, they received very good/excellent care and they would recommend the intervention to others
▸ Young people felt that the therapist cared a lot/very much and liked the programme
  • *Significant refers to statistical significance at the 0.05 level. Results refer to pre-post treatment differences, unless stated otherwise.