Table 1

Progress towards the Global WHA targets

WHA TargetBaseline (years)Baseline StatusTarget for 2025Required average annual rate of change at global levelGlobally On course?Comments*Number of countries above (below) required global rate
Stunting
40% reduction in the number of children under 5 years of age who are stunted
2012162 million∼100 million (∼15%)3.9%
AARR
NoCurrent pace projects 130 million (20%) by 202521 countries above or equal to required AARR;
89 countries less than required AARR
Anaemia
50% reduction of anaemia in women of reproductive age (WRA)
201129%15%5.2% AARRNoVery little movement (was 32% in 2000)
Low birth weight
30% reduction in low birth weight
2008–1215%10%2.74% AARRNoLittle progress globally
Under-5 overweight
No increase in childhood overweight
20127%7%NoUpward trajectory is not checkedIn 50 countries the annual average rate of reduction (AARR) is constant or decreasing
In 51 countries, the AARR is increasing
Exclusive breastfeeding
Increase in the rate of exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months up to at least 50%
2008–1238%50%2.11% AARINo37% in 2000, 41% in 2012In 59 countries, the annual average rate of increase (AARI) is equal to or greater than required
In 48 countries, the AARI is below required
Wasting
Reduce and maintain childhood wasting to <5% 
20128%<5%NoNo progress (globally, 8% in 2013. JMC 2014)In 73 countries, rate is constant or decreasing;In 51 countries, rate is increasing (see table 5)

*Assessment based on WHO 2014. http://www.who.int/nutrition/targets_indicators_may2014v2.pdf

†For more on the methods behind the WHA stunting target, see de Onis et al 2013.14

‡Note that these are AARI estimated by the writing team based on the last two available estimates for exclusive breastfeeding in the Unicef Global database. Formal AARIs from Unicef/WHO are not available at this time. JMC, the Joint Child Malnutrition data set from UNICEF, World Bank and WHO; WHA, World Health Assembly. Source: Independent Expert Group. Global Nutrition Report. http://ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/gnr14.pdf13