Table 2

Significant pathogen episodes by presentation, age and comorbidity status 2009–2011

ALL1 month to <1 year1 year to <5 years5 to <16 years
CommunityCommunityCommunityCommunity
Total (%)Healthy (%)Co-morbidity (%)HA-infection (%)Total (%)Healthy (%)Co-morbidity (%)HA-infection (%)Total (%)Healthy (%)Co-morbidity (%)HA-infection (%)Total (%)Healthy (%)Co-morbidity (%)HA-infection (%)
Enterococcus sp.32 (9.5)3 (5.0)12 (8.9)17 (12.1)15 (12.7)2 (10.5)1 (6.3)12 (14.5)11 (10.6)0 (0)8 (15.7)3 (11.1)6 (5.3)1 (6.7)3 (4.4)2 (6.5)
Group A Streptococcus15 (4.5)11 (18.3)4 (3.0)0 (0)3 (2.5)2 (10.5)1 (6.3)0 (0)8 (7.7)7 (26.9)1 (2.0)0 (0)4 (3.5)2 (13.3)2 (2.9)0 (0)
Group B Streptococcus24 (7.1)11 (18.3)6 (4.4)7 (5.0)21 (17.8)10 (52.6)4 (25.0)7 (8.4)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)3 (2.6)1 (6.7)2 (2.9)0 (0)
Streptococcus pneumoniae33 (9.8)20 (33.3)11 (8.1)2 (1.4)8 (6.8)5 (26.3)3 (18.8)0 (0)18 (17.3)12 (46.2)5 (9.8)1 (3.7)7 (6.1)3 (20.0)3 (4.4)1 (3.2)
CoNS171 (50.9)0 (0)72 (53.3)99 (70.2)57 (48.3)0 (0)1 (6.3)56 (67.5)46 (4.2)0 (0)28 (54.9)18 (66.7)68 (59.6)0 (0)43 (63.2)25 (80.6)
Staphylococcus aureus42 (12.5)13 (21.7)17 (12.6)12 (8.5)9 (7.6)0 (0)2 (12.5)7 (8.4)14 (13.5)5 (19.2)6 (11.8)3b (11.1)19 (16.7)8 (53.3)9 (13.2)2 (6.5)
Other19 (5.7)2 (3.3)13 (9.6)4 (2.8)5 (4.2)0 (0)4 (25.0)1 (1.2)7 (6.7)2 (7.7)3 (5.9)2 (7.4)7 (6.1)0 (0)6 (8.8)1 (3.2)
Total Gram positive336 (66.7)60 (52.2)135 (66.2)141 (76.2)118 (62.1)1 (42.2)16 (53.3)83 (72.2)104 (68.9)26 (59.1)51 (66.2)27 (990.0)114 (69.9)15 (57.7)68 (70.1)31 (77.5)
Haemophilus influenzae4 (2.4)3 (5.5)0 (0)1 (2.3)2 (2.8)2 (7.7)0 (0)0 (0)1 (2.1)1 (5.6)0 (0)0 (0)1 (2.0)0 (0)0 (0)1 (11.1)
Neisseria meningitidis13 (7.7)8 (14.5)4 (5.8)1 (2.3)4 (5.6)2 (7.7)1 (7.1)1 (3.1)6 (12.8)5 (27.8)1 (3.8)0 90)3 (6.1)1 (9.1)2 (6.9)0 (0)
Escherichia coli45 (26.8)14 (25.5)18 (26.1)1334 (47.2)13 (50.0)9 (64.3)12 (37.5)9 (19.1)1 (5.6)8 (30.8)0 (0)2 (4.1)0 (0)1 (3.4)1 (11.1)
Enterobacter sp.15 (8.9)2 (3.6)8 (11.6)5 (11.4)7 (9.7)1 (3.8)1 (7.1)5 (15.6)4 (8.5)0 (0)4 (15.4)0 (0)4 (8.2)1 (9.1)3 (10.3)0 (0)
 Klebsiella pneumoniae28 (16.7)7 (12.7)9 (13.0)12 (27.3)18 (25.0)5 (19.2)2 (14.3)11 (34.4)4 (8.5)2 (11.1)2 (7.7)0 (0)6 (12.2)05 (17.2)1 (11.1)
Salmonella sp.*15 (8.9)14 (25.5)1 (1.4)0 (0)1 (1.4)1 (3.8)0 (0)0 (0)7 (14.9)6 (33.3)1 (3.8)0 (0)7 (14.3)7 (63.3)0 (0)0 (0)
Pseudomonas sp.15 (8.9)4 (7.3)6 (8.7)5 (11.4)1 (1.4)0 (0)0 (0)1 (3.1)8 (17.0)3 (16.7)4 (15.4)1 (33.3)6 (12.2)1 (9.1)2 (6.9)3 (33.3)
Other 33 (19.6)3 (5.5)23 (33.3)7 (15.9)5 (6.9)2 (7.7)1 (7.1)2 (6.3)8 (17.0)0 (0)6 (23.1)2 (66.7)20 (40.8)1 (9.1)1 6 (55.2)3 (33.3)
Total Gram negative168 (33.3)55 (47.8)69 (33.8)44 (23.8)72 (37.9)26 (57.8)14 (46.7)32 (27.8)47 (31.1)18 (40.9)26 (33.8)3 (10.0)49 (30.1)11 (42.3)29 (29.9)9 (22.5)
Total bacteria5041152041851904530115151447730163269740
  • *7 Salmonella typhi, 2 Salmonella species and 6 Salmonella paratyphi.

  • CoNS, coagulase-negative staphylococci; HA, Hospital-acquired.