Table 2

Frequency and duration of symptoms at presentation of type 1 diabetes mellitus in children presenting with diabetic ketoacidosis in comparison to non-acidotic hyperglycaemia

All childrenChildren age > 2 years at diagnosis
Mode of presentationDiabetic ketoacidosisNon-acidotic hyperglycaemiaDiabetic ketoacidosisNon-acidotic hyperglycaemia
n6318955187
Polyuria% children reporting symptom75.887.5*77.887.9
Duration if present (days)7 (7–23)14 (7–21)9 (7–25)14 (7–21)
Polydipsia% children reporting symptom85.594.1*88.994.6
Duration if present (days)14 (7–28)14 (7–21)14 (7–30)14 (7–21)
Fatigue% children reporting symptom74.251.7**77.851.7***
Duration if present (days)7 (3–18)14 (7–30)*7 (3–18)14 (7–30)*
Weight loss% children reporting symptom75.454.4**81.154.5***
Duration if present (days)7 (4–21)14 (7–30)*7 (5–21)14 (7–30)
Enuresis% children reporting symptom32.833.534.033.3
Duration if present (days)14 (5–30)14 (7–29)7 (3–18)14 (7–30)*
Parental ConcernsDuration (days)14 (4–25)14 (7–30)*14 (5–28)14 (7–30)
  • Results displayed as % and median (IQR). *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001 in comparison with children with DKA.