Table 1

Characteristics of the children included in the survey, separated by presentation with either diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or non-acidotic hyperglycaemia (HG)

CharacteristicDKAHGp Value
n (% male)63 (54.0)189 (53.4)0.90
Median age, years (range)9.9 (0.8–16.6)10.6 (1.7–16.3)0.21
≤2 years, % (n)80.0 (8)20.0 (2)<0.001
>2 years, % (n)22.7 (55)77.3 (242)
Ethnicity, % (n)
 White caucasian23.1 (51)76.9 (170)0.11
 Other35.7 (10)64.2 (18)
Family structure, % (n)
 Single-parent household17.3 (9)82.7 (43)0.16
 Two-parent household26.8 (51)73.2 (139)
First-degree relative with diabetes, % (n)
 Yes15.9 (7)84.1 (37)0.13
 No26.8 (56)73.2 (153)