Table 1

Scald agent and mechanism by age (n=709): number of children with scalds from different categories of agent and proportion of each mechanism involved

Hot beverages* (352)Domestic water* (267)Food item* (90)
Mechanism in those aged <5 years
Total number of children (554)305
55% (95% CI 50.5% to 59.1%)
189
34.1% (95% CI 30.3% to 38.2%)
60
10.8% (95% CI 8.5% to 13.7%)
 Pull-down 266 (48%)186
61% (95% CI 55.5% to 66.5%)
62
32.8% (95% CI 26.1% to 39.5%)
18
30% (95% CI 18.4% to 41.6%)
 Spill 178 (32.1%)93
31% (95% CI 25.8% to 36.2%)
56
29.6% (95% CI 23% to 36.1%)
29
48% (95% CI 35.4% to 60.6%)
 Fall/running 10 (1.8%)7
2.3% (95% CI 0.6% to 4%)
1
0.5% (95% CI −0.5% to 1.5%)
2
3.3% (95% CI −1.2% to 7.8%)
 Immersion/touch 34 (6.1%)7
2.3% (95% CI 0.6% to 4%)
22
11.6% (95% CI 7% to 16.2%)
5
8.3% (95% CI 1.3% to 15.3%)
 Third party (trip or spill)
30: (5.4%)
12
4% (95% CI 1.8% to 6.2%)
15
7.9% (95% CI 4% to 11.8%)
3
3.8% (95% CI −1% to 8.6%)
 Climb into 15 (2.7%)15
7.9% (95% CI 4% to 11.8%)
 Flowing water 12 (2.2%)12
6.3% (95% CI 2.8% to 9.8%)
 Splash/explosion 9 (1.6%)6
3.2% (95% CI 0.7% to 5.7%)
3
3.8% (95% CI −1% to 8.6%)
Mechanism in those aged >5 years
Total number of children (155)47
30.3% (95% CI 23.6% to 30.8%)
78
50.3% (95% CI 42.5% to 58.1%)
30
19.4% (95% CI 13.9% to 26.3%)
 Pull-down 17 (11%)5
10.6% (95% CI 1.8% to 19.4%)
8
10.3% (95% CI 3.6% to 17%)
4
13.3% (95% CI 9.5% to 17.1%)
 Spill 118 (76.1%)38
81% (95% CI 69.8% to 92.2%)
57
73% (95% CI 63.2% to 82.9%)
23
76.6% (95% CI 71.9% to 81.4%)
 Fall/running 6 (3.9%)13
3.8% (95% CI −0.4% to 8%)
2
6.6% (95% CI 3.8% to 9.4%)
 Immersion/touch 3 (1.9%)3
3.8% (95% CI −0.4% to 8%)
 Third party 3 (1.9%)21
 Flow 4 (2.6%)N/A4
5.1% (95% CI 2% to 12.5%)
N/A
 Splash/explosion 4 (2.6%)12
2.6% (95% CI −0.9% to 6%)
1
3.3% (95% CI 1.3% to 5.3%)
  • Hot Beverages: cup or mug of: tea (278), coffee (67), hot chocolate (6), Lemsip (1).

  • Domestic water: domestic container unspecified (175), kettle/kitchen pan (39), bath (11), bucket (4), shower or tap water (15), hot water bottle (10), flask (4), pressure cooker/steam/facial steamer (8), washing machine (1).

  • Food item: soup (29), cooking oil (24), milk/custard (15), pot noodle (8), food (not specified) (9), gravy/curry (5).

  • *Scald Agents.