Table 3

Percentages of children with at least one bruise in the specified location, by physical abuse status and development stage

Physical abusePhysical abuse excluded
RegionOriginal regions amalgamatedBaby (107)Early mobile (40)Walking (199)Baby (30)Early mobile (35)Walking (91)OR (95% CI)
Buttocks/genitaliaButtocks, genitalia0.912.516. (2.6 to 46)*
Left earLeft ear7.57.514. (2.2 to 23.4)*
Left cheekLeft cheek27. (2.5 to 10.7)*
Front trunkFront trunk16. (2.2 to 10.2)*
NeckNeck5.62.511. (1.3 to 10.9)*
Rear trunkRear trunk9.37.536.210.08.613.22.85 (1.6 to 5.0)*
Right cheekRight cheek13. (1.5 to 5.4)*
Thighs—frontFront left thigh, front right thigh12.117.526.13.35.714.32.48 (1.4 to 4.5)*
Upper armLeft upper arm, right upper arm15. (1.1 to 3.2)*
HandsLeft hand, right hand0. (0.4 to 9.4)
Back of legBack of left and right thigh, back below knee2.87.510. (0.8 to 4.5)
FeetLeft and right foot3. (0.6 to 5.2)
Lower armleft and right wrist, left and right lower arm, elbow2. (0.8 to 3.1)
HeadHead: top, back, right and left side15.012.59.513. (0.8 to 3.1)
Right earRight ear4. (0.6 to 3.8)
FacialForehead, nose, chin, mouth14.022.525.613.325.715.41.37 (0.8 to 2.2)
EyesLeft eye, right eye3.712. (0.5 to 1.9)
  • *OR comparing the odds of any bruising in the region in physical abuse compared with physical abuse-excluded, are adjusted for development stage (OR for abuse significant).