Table 3

Odds of children who were normal weight at 2 years becoming overweight/obese by 4 years among consistent drinkers of 1%/skim milk (n=250) compared to consistent drinkers of 2%/whole milk (n=4900).

OR (95% CI)* for becoming overweight/obese between 2 and 4 years old: consistent drinkers of 1%/skim milk vs 2%/whole milkp Value
Model 0 (no adjustments)1.27 (0.83 to 1.95)0.3
Model 1 (adjusted for sex, race/ethnicity, SES)1.61 (1.02 to 2.54)0.04
Model 2 (model 1 adjustments plus juice, SSB intake)1.64 (1.04 to 2.60)0.03
Model 3 (model 2 adjustments plus mother's BMI)1.69 (1.09 to 2.61)0.02
Model 4 (model 3 adjustments plus daily glasses of milk (age 4) or baseline BMI (age 2))1.57 (1.03 to 2.42)0.04
  • *OR for becoming overweight/obese between 2 and 4 years of age for consistent drinkers of 1%/skim milk versus 2%/whole milk.

  • BMI, body mass index; SES, socio-economic status; SSB, sugar-sweetened beverages.