Table 1

Descriptive statistics overall and by type of milk consumed among 8300 children aged 4 years in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort

Variable Total number* (weighted % by category)Milk type (weighted %)
Whole2%1%SkimSoy†Other†
Gender
 Male4200 (51.2)41.538.38.16.82.23.3
 Female4100 (48.8)39.239.78.68.01.43.0
Weight status
 Normal weight5650 (67.7)43.937.47.46.11.93.3
 Overweight1350 (16.3)37.940.78.67.32.03.4
 Obese1350 (15.9)36.942.68.87.01.92.8
Race/ethnicity
 White3600 (53.7)29.541.212.411.51.83.7
 Black1250 (13.7)64.327.12.21.32.32.8
 Hispanic1650 (25.3)49.940.73.72.21.71.9
 Asian850 (2.6)56.730.55.42.02.03.4
 Other950 (4.7)33.144.56.79.11.84.9
Socio-economic status
 High1500 (20.0)21.038.913.417.04.04.5
 Medium high1600 (20.1)29.742.812.89.51.83.4
 Medium1650 (19.9)40.241.47.86.51.32.8
 Medium low1650 (20.0)52.138.34.32.81.21.1
 Low1950 (20.0)58.833.53.31.20.82.5
Juice consumption
 ≤1 drink/day5050 (60.5)35.539.99.48.82.03.4
 >1 drinks/day3300 (39.5)46.237.66.75.21.52.8
SSB consumption
 ≤1 drink/day7250 (86.4)37.639.79.28.12.03.4
 >1 drinks/day1100 (13.6)57.934.13.02.80.01.8
Maternal BMI category
 Normal weight3300 (39.0)41.936.58.86.82.33.6
 Overweight2200 (28.2)44.036.97.75.42.13.8
 Obese2650 (32.9)40.842.66.86.01.52.4
Milk servings/day
 <22400 (28.5)44.335.77.56.82.03.8
 22550 (30.8)37.340.98.87.81.73.5
 >23350 (40.8)39.939.98.67.51.72.5
  • *All numbers are rounded to the nearest 50 in compliance with NCES guidelines.

  • †Soy and ‘other’ drinkers were not included in the regression analyses.

  • BMI, body mass index; NCES, National Center for Education Statistics; SSB, sugar-sweetened beverages.