Table 1

Characteristics of coeliac disease patients and controls

CharacteristicCoeliac disease (n=29096)Controls (n=144522)p Value
Age at diagnosis/study entry (years) Mean/median (overall: 32/30, SD 25.7) (range <1 year to 95)32/3032/300.43
 <24589 (16)22857 (16)0.8857
 2–186719 (23)33530 (23)
 ≥1817788 (61)88135 (61)
Gender0.8041
 Male11091 (38)54978 (38)
 Female18005 (62)89544 (62)
Calendar period of diagnosis0.9970
 ≤19894105 (14)20378 (14)
 1990–199912059 (41.5)59874 (41.5)
 ≥200012932 (44.5)64270 (44.5)
Birth season<0.0001
 Summer15742 (54.10)76230 (52.75)
 Winter13354 (45.90)68292 (47.25)