Table 1

Comparison of characteristics of children undergoing tracheostomy with all admissions

Children undergoing tracheostomy (n=1613)All admissions (n=78 504)p Values (χ2 unless otherwise stated)
Male:female ratio57.8:42.256.2:43.8
Age (%)Overall 0.4
 <1 Year45.846.1
 1–4 Years24.225.1
 5–10 Years13.913.4
 11–15 Years13.113.1
 16 Years3.02.4
Mean length of stay (days)24.75.7<0.001 (Mann–Whitney)
% Staying >28 days21.22.0<0.001
Previous ICU/NICU/PICU admission (%)47.830.2<0.001
% Post surgery27.739.2<0.001
% Unplanned admission61.358.90.066
Diagnostic group (%)Overall <0.001
 Respiratory48.025.2<0.001
 Cardiovascular13.729.0<0.001
 Neurological9.411.20.02
 Trauma4.63.40.005
 Other4.25.30.048
 Musculoskeletal4.14.20.9
 Gastrointestinal3.86.7<0.001
 Oncology3.53.60.84
 Infection2.75.4<0.001
 Multisystem2.20.3<0.001
 Body wall cavities1.52.10.1
 Endocrine/metabolic1.12.40.001
 Blood and lymph0.81.00.39
Mean predicted PICU mortality (%)6.15.50.056 (t test)
Mortality before PICU discharge (%)5.64.7
 If age <1 year7.35.5
 If age >1 year4.93.8
  • ICU, intensive care unit; NICU, neonatal intensive care unit; PICU, paediatric intensive care unit.